Scientific Name: Riparia riparia
Malay Name: Layang-layang Perang Belang Biasa
Chinese Name: 崖沙燕
Alternative Name(s): Common Sand Martin
Found throughout the Holarctic (which encompasses majority of habitats found throughout the northern continents of the world) and winters to South America, sub-Saharan Africa, the Indian subcontinent, southern China and Southeast Asia
Polytypic. Subspecies are: riparia, taczanowskii, ijimae, shelleyi.
Local Subspecies: ijimae
Size: 11.5-13 cm
Adult resembles Barn Swallow and Asian House Martin but has all brown upperparts, contrasting whitish underparts with broad brown breast-band and shallow forked tail. Juvenile resembles adult but has less distinct breast-band.
Habitat: Lakes, rivers, reservoirs and coastal areas.
Local Status: Rare migrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2019)
Location: Recent sightings were at Seletar Mudflat, Lorong Halus (Sungei Serangoon), Central Catchment Forest (MacRitchie Reservoir) and Neo Tiew.
BirdLife International. (2019). Riparia riparia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.