Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker

Scientific Name: Dicaeum cruentatum
Malay Name: Sepah-Puteri Belakang Merah
Chinese Name: 朱背啄花鸟

Found from the Himalayan foothills to Southern China, mainland Southeast Asia, Sumatra and Borneo.

Polytypic. Subspecies are: cruentatum, sumatranum, niasense, batuense, simalurense, nigrimentum.

Local Subspecies: cruentatum

Size: 8.5-9 cm

Male looks distinctive with bright red upperparts, blackish head-/breast-sides and blue-blackish wings contrasting with the mostly white underparts. Female is a drab brown with a bright red rump and uppertail-coverts. Juvenile resembles female but has a red-pink based lower mandible and uniform upperparts with orange-tinged uppertail-coverts.

Habitat: Parks, gardens, wooded areas, secondary growth and forest edge.

Behaviour/Ecology: Feeds on flowers and fruits

Local Status: Common resident

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)

Location: Suitable habitats like Bidadari, Singapore Botanic Gardens, Chinese/Japanese Gardens, Pasir Ris Park, Sungei Buloh, Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Bukit Batok Nature Park and Central Catchment Forest.

Featured articles:

BirdLife International. (2016). Dicaeum cruentatum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.