Scientific Name: Dicaeum cruentatum
Malay Name: Sepah-Puteri Belakang Merah
Chinese Name: 朱背啄花鸟
Found from the Himalayan foothills to Southern China, mainland Southeast Asia, Sumatra and Borneo.
Polytypic. Subspecies are: cruentatum, sumatranum, niasense, batuense, simalurense, nigrimentum.
Local Subspecies: cruentatum
Size: 8.5-9 cm
Male looks distinctive with bright red upperparts, blackish head-/breast-sides and blue-blackish wings contrasting with the mostly white underparts. Female is a drab brown with a bright red rump and uppertail-coverts. Juvenile resembles female but has a red-pink based lower mandible and uniform upperparts with orange-tinged uppertail-coverts.
Habitat: Parks, gardens, wooded areas, secondary growth and forest edge.
Behaviour/Ecology: Feeds on flowers and fruits
Local Status: Common resident
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)
Location: Suitable habitats like Bidadari, Singapore Botanic Gardens, Chinese/Japanese Gardens, Pasir Ris Park, Sungei Buloh, Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Bukit Batok Nature Park and Central Catchment Forest.
BirdLife International. (2016). Dicaeum cruentatum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.