Peregrine Falcon

Scientific Name: Falco peregrinus
Malay Name: Rajawali Kembara
Chinese Name: 游隼

Found throughout the northern Holarctic with some populations winter south to South America, Africa, Middle East, the Indian subcontinent, southern China, South Korea, southern Japan and Southeast Asia

Polytypic. Subspecies are: tundrius, pealei, anatum, cassini, peregrinus, calidus, japonensis, brookei, peregrinator, furuitii, madens, minor, radama, ernesti, macropus, nesiotes, babylonicus, pelegrinoides.

Local Subspecies: calidus (migrant), ernesti (local), japonensis (migrant)

Size: 38-48 cm

The migrant subspecies has slaty-grey upperparts, broad blackish moustachial streak and whitish underparts with dark bars on flanks, belly to undertail coverts. Juvenile resembles adult but has warmer brown upperparts and buffish underparts with dark streaks. Subspecies ernesti is smaller and has darker upperparts and solid blackish head-sides.

Similar looking species: Amur Falcon, Eurasian Hobby

Habitat: Open country, secondary growth, farmland, mangroves and urban areas.


Local Status: Uncommon migrant and rare resident

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2021)

Location: Any suitable habitat like Pulau Ubin, Sungei Buloh, Kranji Marsh, Seletar Dam, Singapore Botanic Gardens and Telok Blangah Hill Park.

Featured articles:

Migrant bar chart (see more bar charts):

BirdLife International. (2021). Falco peregrinus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.