Scientific Name: Passer montanus
Malay Name: Pipit Rumah
Chinese Name: 麻雀
Range: Widespread across Europe and Asia.
Taxonomy: Polytypic. Subspecies are: montanus, dybowskii, transcaucasicus, kansuensis, dilutus, tibetanus, saturatus, hepaticus, malaccensis.
Local Subspecies: malaccensis
Size: 14-14.5 cm
Identification: Distinctive sparrow, sexes similar. Separated from much male House Sparrow by smaller size, browner underparts, chestnut cap, dark cheek patch. Female House Sparrow more drab, lacks bib, chestnut cap, and richer brown colouration of Eurasian Tree Sparrow.
Similar looking species: House Sparrow
Habitat: Open habitat, including parks, urban areas, grasslands, and fields. Often associated with human presence.
Behaviour/Ecology: Gregarious, associates in flocks. Primarily feeds on ground but also forages on plants and trees.
Local Status: Very common resident
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2017)
Location: Widespread across Singapore.
- Local extinctions of Singapore birds (Science)
Conservation Status: IUCN Red List Page
Sound Recordings: xeno-canto Link
Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link
eBird Species page: eBird (Eurasian Tree Sparrow)
BirdLife International. (2017). Passer montanus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T22718270A119216586.en. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Singapore Birds Project. (n.d.). Eurasian Tree Sparrow. Retrieved on May 27, 2023 from https://singaporebirds.com/species/eurasian-tree-sparrow.