Eurasian Tree Sparrow

Scientific Name: Passer montanus
Malay Name: Pipit Rumah
Chinese Name: 麻雀

Range:
Widespread across Europe and Asia.

Taxonomy:
Polytypic. Subspecies are: montanus, dybowskii, transcaucasicus, kansuensis, dilutus, tibetanus, saturatus, hepaticus, malaccensis.

Local Subspecies: malaccensis

Size: 14-14.5 cm

Identification:
Distinctive sparrow, sexes similar. Separated from much male House Sparrow by smaller size, browner underparts, chestnut cap, dark cheek patch. Female House Sparrow more drab, lacks bib, chestnut cap, and richer brown colouration of Eurasian Tree Sparrow.

Similar looking species: House Sparrow

Habitat: Open habitat, including parks, urban areas, grasslands, and fields. Often associated with human presence.

Behaviour/Ecology: Gregarious, associates in flocks. Primarily feeds on ground but also forages on plants and trees.

Local Status: Common resident

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2017)

Location: Widespread across Singapore.

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References:
BirdLife International. (2017). Passer montanus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T22718270A119216586.en. Accessed on 19 December 2021