Barn Swallow

Scientific Name: Hirundo rustica
Malay Name: Layang-layang Hijrah
Chinese Name: 家燕

Range:
Breeding Range: (Worldwide) widespread

Taxonomy:
Polytypic. Subspecies are: rustica, transitiva, savignii, gutturalis, tytleri, saturata, mandschurica, erythrogaster.

Local Subspecies: tytleri, gutturalis, saturata

Size: 15 cm

Identification:
Forehead rufous chestnut, upperparts steel blue, pale or rufous underparts, variable depending on subspecies. Told apart from Pacific Swallow by presence of steel-blue breastband. Told apart from sand martin by more deeply forked tail.

Similar looking species: Sand Martin, Pacific Swallow

Habitat: Widespread.

Behaviour/Ecology: Told apart from other airborne birds by flying by sweeping wings backwards.

Local Status: Common migrant

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2019)

Location: Widespread.

Photos:

External Links:
Conservation Status: IUCN Red List Page
Photos: Oriental Bird Images
Sound Recordings: xeno-canto Link
Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link

References:
BirdLife International. (2019). Hirundo rustica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019. Downloaded on 2 September 2021