Scientific Name: Hirundo rustica
Malay Name: Layang-layang Hijrah
Chinese Name: 家燕
Range: Breeding Range: (Worldwide) widespread
Taxonomy: Polytypic. Subspecies are: rustica, transitiva, savignii, gutturalis, tytleri, saturata, mandschurica, erythrogaster.
Local Subspecies: mandschurica, gutturalis, saturata
Size: 15 cm
Identification: Forehead rufous chestnut, upperparts steel blue, pale or rufous underparts, variable depending on subspecies. Told apart from Pacific Swallow by presence of steel-blue breastband. Told apart from sand martin by more deeply forked tail.
Behaviour/Ecology: Told apart from other airborne birds by flying by sweeping wings backwards.
Local Status: Very common migrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2019)
Featured reports: Nov 2022
Migrant bar chart (see more bar charts):
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica Estimated average number of individuals by week based on eBird data, Jul 2013 to Jun 2023
BirdLife International. (2019). Hirundo rustica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-3.RLTS.T22712252A137668645.en. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Bird Society of Singapore. (n.d.). Barn Swallow. Retrieved on September 29, 2023 from https://singaporebirds.com/species/barn-swallow.