Amur Falcon

This species is defined as a Review Species . Please submit your records of this species via our record submission page .

Scientific Name: Falco amurensis

Malay Name: Rajawali Kaki Merah Timur

Chinese Name: 红脚隼

Range: Found from eastern Siberia, northern Korea to north-eastern China and winters to sub-Saharan Africa, Nepal, India, Indochina and the Thai-Malay Peninsula

Taxonomy: Monotypic.

Size: 28-31 cm

Identification: Male resembles adult Peregrine Falcon but is smaller and has diagnostic red eyering, cere and feet, pale grey underparts and rufous-chestnut vent. Female resembles male but has dark streaked underparts, barred uppertail-coverts and buffy-white vent. Juvenile resembles female but has pale yellow eyering and cere.

Similar looking species: Eurasian Hobby, Peregrine Falcon

Habitat: Reclaimed land and open habitats near the coast.

Behaviour/Ecology: Often hunts and catches insects on the wing. Sometimes hovers while hunting.

Local Status: Vagrant

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2021)

Past records in our database:

Showing only accepted records. Note that records currently under review are also not displayed, and the list may not be a full list of records of this species in Singapore. For more details, check the database here.

Migrant bar chart (see more bar charts):

Amur Falcon Falco amurensis
Average number of individuals by week based on Singapore Bird Database data, Jul 2013 to Jun 2023 (all records)
Peak week Nov 26-Dec 02
Early date 21 Nov 2007
Late date 16 Dec 2016
Apart from a very popular bird at Lorong Halus in late 2021, all other previous records were of birds just passing through Singapore.


BirdLife International. (2021). Falco amurensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021. Accessed on 1 January 2023

Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.

Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.

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