Scientific Name: Falco amurensis
Malay Name: Rajawali Kaki Merah Timur
Chinese Name: 红脚隼
Range: Found from eastern Siberia, northern Korea to north-eastern China and winters to sub-Saharan Africa, Nepal, India, Indochina and the Thai-Malay Peninsula
Size: 28-31 cm
Identification: Male resembles adult Peregrine Falcon but is smaller and has diagnostic red eyering, cere and feet, pale grey underparts and rufous-chestnut vent. Female resembles male but has dark streaked underparts, barred uppertail-coverts and buffy-white vent. Juvenile resembles female but has pale yellow eyering and cere.
Habitat: Reclaimed land and open habitats near the coast.
Behaviour/Ecology: Often hunts and catches insects on the wing. Sometimes hovers while hunting.
Local Status: Vagrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2021)
Migrant bar chart (see more bar charts):
Amur Falcon Falco amurensis Average number of individuals by week based on Singapore Bird Database data, Jul 2013 to Jun 2023 (all records)
BirdLife International. (2021). Falco amurensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2021-3.RLTS.T22696437A205646027.en. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.
Bird Society of Singapore. (n.d.). Amur Falcon. Retrieved on November 27, 2023 from https://singaporebirds.com/species/amur-falcon.