Scientific Name: Phaethon lepturus
Malay Name: Camar-Pita Paruh Kuning
Chinese Name: 白尾鹲
Range: Found from tropical and subtropical Indian, Pacific and Atlantic Oceans to the Caribbean.
Taxonomy: Polytypic. Subspecies are: catesbyi, ascensionis, lepturus, europae, fulvus, dorotheae.
Local Subspecies: fulvus
Size: 38-41 cm
Identification: Adult is distinctively looking with whitish overall plumage, very long central tail feathers, diagonal black band across upperwing coverts, blackish patch at outer primaries, black mask and yellowish bill. Ssp. fulvus which breeds on Christmas Island has a golden wash to its white plumage and is also known as the Golden Bosunbird. Juvenile lacks the central tail feathers and black diagonal band and has black bars/scales on mantle.
Habitat: Open seas.
Behaviour/Ecology: Wanders widely outside breeding season.
Local Status: Vagrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2020)
Conservation Status: IUCN Red List Page
Sound Recordings: xeno-canto Link
Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link
eBird Species page: eBird (White-tailed Tropicbird)
BirdLife International. (2020). Phaethon lepturus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-3.RLTS.T22696645A163887639.en. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Lim, K. S. (2009). The Avifauna of Singapore. Nature Society (Singapore).
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.
Yong, D. L. (2015). The first record of a White-tailed Tropicbird for Singapore? Nature Society (Singapore) Bird Group. Retrieved December 25, 2021 from https://singaporebirdgroup.wordpress.com/2015/06/23/the-first-record-of-a-white-tailed-tropicbird-for-singapore/.
Singapore Birds Project. (n.d.). White-tailed Tropicbird. Retrieved on June 1, 2023 from https://singaporebirds.com/species/white-tailed-tropicbird.