Tree Pipit

This species is defined as a Review Species . Please submit your records of this species via our record submission page .

Scientific Name: Anthus trivialis

Malay Name: Apit-apit Pokok Barat

Chinese Name: 林鹨

Range: Breeds throughout Eurasia, wintering in India, the Middle East, and Africa.

Taxonomy: Polytypic. Subspecies are: trivialis, haringtoni.

Size: 15-16.5 cm

Identification: Underparts: Well marked narrow black streaks across the chest/breast on a warm buff base. Streaks do not extend strongly onto the flanks. Upperparts: warm buff/brown, with dark centred feathers giving a well marked, but not strongly contrasting, appearance. A well marked row of greater primary coverts were slightly darker centred and paler fringed than surrounding feathers, producing a clear (but not bold) wing bar.

Habitat: Open woodland, scrub and grass.

Behaviour/Ecology: Spends most time walking through long grass foraging for invertebrates with a horizontal gait and occasionally giving gentle tail pumps (which is also a feature of Olive-backed Pipit). Flies with a strong bounding flight into mid-canopy of trees where it would perch, rest and preen before returning to feeding on the ground.

Local Status: Vagrant

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2018)

Past records in our database:

Showing only accepted records. Note that records currently under review are also not displayed, and the list may not be a full list of records of this species in Singapore. For more details, check the database here.

Migrant bar chart (see more bar charts):

Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis
Average number of individuals by week based on Singapore Bird Database data, Jul 2013 to Jun 2023 (all records)
Peak weeks Oct 15-Oct 21, Oct 22-Oct 28, Oct 29-Nov 04
Early date 19 Oct 2021
Late date 31 Oct 2021
Only one record for Singapore so far, in the second half of Oct 2022.


BirdLife International. (2018). Anthus trivialis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018. Accessed on 1 January 2023

Tyler, S. (2020). Tree Pipit (Anthus trivialis), version 1.0. In del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D. A., & de Juana, E. (Eds.), Birds of the World. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.

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