Scientific Name: Anthus trivialis
Malay Name: Apit-apit Pokok Barat
Chinese Name: 林鹨
Range: Breeds throughout Eurasia, wintering in India, the Middle East, and Africa.
Taxonomy: Polytypic. Subspecies are: trivialis, haringtoni.
Size: 15-16.5 cm
Identification: Underparts: Well marked narrow black streaks across the chest/breast on a warm buff base. Streaks do not extend strongly onto the flanks. Upperparts: warm buff/brown, with dark centred feathers giving a well marked, but not strongly contrasting, appearance. A well marked row of greater primary coverts were slightly darker centred and paler fringed than surrounding feathers, producing a clear (but not bold) wing bar.
Habitat: Open woodland, scrub and grass.
Behaviour/Ecology: Spends most time walking through long grass foraging for invertebrates with a horizontal gait and occasionally giving gentle tail pumps (which is also a feature of Olive-backed Pipit). Flies with a strong bounding flight into mid-canopy of trees where it would perch, rest and preen before returning to feeding on the ground.
Local Status: Vagrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2018
- Checklist Revision for February 2022 (Revisions)
- Year in Review – 2021! (Blog)
- PIPIT101: Identifying Singapore’s First Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis (ID Articles)
Conservation Status: IUCN Red List Page
Sound Recordings: xeno-canto Link
Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link
eBird Species page: eBird (Tree Pipit)
BirdLife International. (2018). Anthus trivialis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22718546A131985523.en. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Tyler, S. (2020). Tree Pipit (Anthus trivialis), version 1.0. In del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D. A., & de Juana, E. (Eds.), Birds of the World. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.trepip.01
Singapore Birds Project. (n.d.). Tree Pipit. Retrieved on March 19, 2023 from https://singaporebirds.com/species/tree-pipit.