Scientific Name: Anthus trivialis
Malay Name: Apit-apit Pokok Barat
Chinese Name: 林鹨
Range: Breeds throughout Eurasia, wintering in India, the Middle East, and Africa.
Taxonomy: Polytypic. Subspecies are: trivialis, haringtoni.
Size: 15-16.5 cm
Identification: Underparts: Well marked narrow black streaks across the chest/breast on a warm buff base. Streaks do not extend strongly onto the flanks. Upperparts: warm buff/brown, with dark centred feathers giving a well marked, but not strongly contrasting, appearance. A well marked row of greater primary coverts were slightly darker centred and paler fringed than surrounding feathers, producing a clear (but not bold) wing bar.
Habitat: Open woodland, scrub and grass.
Behaviour/Ecology: Spends most time walking through long grass foraging for invertebrates with a horizontal gait and occasionally giving gentle tail pumps (which is also a feature of Olive-backed Pipit). Flies with a strong bounding flight into mid-canopy of trees where it would perch, rest and preen before returning to feeding on the ground.
Local Status: Vagrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2018)
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Migrant bar chart (see more bar charts):
Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis Average number of individuals by week based on Singapore Bird Database data, Jul 2013 to Jun 2023 (all records)
BirdLife International. (2018). Anthus trivialis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22718546A131985523.en. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Tyler, S. (2020). Tree Pipit (Anthus trivialis), version 1.0. In del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D. A., & de Juana, E. (Eds.), Birds of the World. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.trepip.01
Bird Society of Singapore. (n.d.). Tree Pipit. Retrieved on September 24, 2023 from https://singaporebirds.com/species/tree-pipit.