Scientific Name: Pycnonotus zeylanicus
Malay Name: Barau-barau Raya
Chinese Name: 黄冠鹎
Found from the Thai-Malay Peninsula to Sumatra, Java and Borneo.
Size: 29 cm
Largest bulbul species in Singapore with strong bill, yellowish-orange crown and ear coverts, blackish eye and submoustachial stripes, whitish throat, bold whitish streaks on brownish breast and olive-green wings and uppertail coverts. Juvenile has duller and browner head.
Habitat: Forest, forest edge and secondary growth.
Behaviour/Ecology: Very vocal especially at dawn and before dusk. Gregarious and often perches on low branches overlooking water.
Local Status: Uncommon resident
Conservation Status: Critically Endangered (BirdLife International 2021)
Location: Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Dairy Farm Nature Park, Bukit Batok Nature Park, Bukit Gombak, Central Catchment Forest, Bukit Brown and Pulau Ubin.
BirdLife International. (2021). Pycnonotus zeylanicus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2021-3.RLTS.T22712603A183176477.en. Accessed on 19 December 2021
Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.