Scientific Name: Pycnonotus zeylanicus
Malay Name: Barau-barau Raya
Chinese Name: 黄冠鹎
Found from the Thai-Malay Peninsula to Sumatra, Java and Borneo.
Size: 29 cm
Largest bulbul species in Singapore with strong bill, yellowish-orange crown and ear coverts, blackish eye and submoustachial stripes, whitish throat, bold whitish streaks on brownish breast and olive-green wings and uppertail coverts. Juvenile has duller and browner head.
Habitat: Forest, forest edge and secondary growth.
Behaviour/Ecology: Very vocal especially at dawn and before dusk. Gregarious and often perches on low branches overlooking water.
Local Status: Uncommon resident
Conservation Status: Critically Endangered (BirdLife International 2021)
Location: Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Dairy Farm Nature Park, Bukit Batok Nature Park, Bukit Gombak, Central Catchment Forest, Bukit Brown and Pulau Ubin.
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BirdLife International. (2021). Pycnonotus zeylanicus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2021-3.RLTS.T22712603A183176477.en. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.