Scientific Name: Accipiter badius
Malay Name: Helang-Sewah Pudar
Chinese Name: 褐耳鹰
Range: Resident in Africa, central Asia and Indochina. Small numbers migrate south in winter.
Taxonomy: Polytypic. Subspecies are: sphenurus, polyzonoides, cenchroides, dussumieri, poliopsis, badius.
Size: 30-36 cm
Identification: Adult male distinct with red iris, strong orange barrings on underparts, greyish upperparts with black wing tips. Female similar, with slightly browner uppersides and yellow iris. Juveniles has brownish upperparts, with tear drop shaped underparts. As with all Accipiters the shape of the bird in flight is very useful in identification. Shikras show five "fingers", a proportionally longer tail compared to all other local Accipiters (except Eurasian Sparrowhawk, which has six "finger" instead).
Local Status: Vagrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2021 Accipiter badius)
Migrant bar chart (see more bar charts):
Shikra Accipiter badius Average number of individuals by week based on Singapore Bird Database data, Jul 2013 to Jun 2023 (all records)
BirdLife International 2021. Accipiter badius. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021.. Accessed on 1 January 2023
DeCandido, R., Nualsri, C., Siponen, M., Sutasha, K., Pierce, A., Murray. J. & Round, P. D. (2014) Flight identiﬁcation and plumage descriptions of six Accipiter species on southbound migration at Khao Dinsor, Chumphon province, Thailand. BirdingASIA, 21, 52-62.
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.
Bird Society of Singapore. (n.d.). Shikra. Retrieved on September 25, 2023 from https://singaporebirds.com/species/shikra.