Shikra

Scientific Name: Accipiter badius
Malay Name: Helang-Sewah Pudar
Chinese Name: 褐耳鹰

Range:
Resident in Africa, central Asia and Indochina. Small numbers migrate south in winter.

Taxonomy:
Polytypic. Subspecies are: sphenurus, polyzonoides, cenchroides, dussumieri, poliopsis, badius.

Size: 30-36 cm

Identification:
Adult male distinct with red iris, strong orange barrings on underparts, greyish upperparts with black wing tips. Female similar, with slightly browner uppersides and yellow iris. Juveniles has brownish upperparts, with tear drop shaped underparts. As with all Accipiters the shape of the bird in flight is very useful in identification. Shikras show five "fingers", a proportionally longer tail compared to all other local Accipiters (except Eurasian Sparrowhawk, which has six "finger" instead).

Similar looking species: Crested Goshawk, Chinese Sparrowhawk, Japanese Sparrowhawk, Besra, Eurasian Sparrowhawk, Grey-faced Buzzard

Habitat: Woodland.

Behaviour/Ecology:

Local Status:

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2019)

Location: Two records in Singapore. 8 November 2012 at Changi Cove and 21 November 2019 at Jelutong Tower.

Photos:

External Links:
Conservation Status: IUCN Red List Page
Photos: Oriental Bird Images
Sound Recordings: xeno-canto Link
Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link

References:
BirdLife International. (2019). Accipiter badius. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
DeCandido, R., Nualsri, C., Siponen, M., Sutasha, K., Pierce, A., Murray, J., & Round, P. D. (2014). Flight identification and plumage descriptions of six Accipiter species on southbound migration at Khao Dinsor, Chumphon province, Thailand. BirdingASIA, 21, 52-62.
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.