Scientific Name: Geokichla citrina
Malay Name: Murai-Tanah Jingga Asia
Chinese Name: 橙头地鸫
Found from Indian subcontinent, Southern China to Indochina, wintering to mainland Southeast Asia.
Polytypic. Subspecies are: citrina, cyanota, innotata, melli, courtoisi, aurimacula, andamanensis, albogularis, aurata, rubecula.
Local Subspecies: innotata, citrina, aurimacula
Size: 20.5-23.5 cm
Subspecies innotata has distinctive orange head and underparts with bluish-grey upperparts. Subspecies gibsonhilli looks similar but has white median covert tips (wingbar) and blackish line across eyes and behind ear-coverts.
Habitat: Forest and wooded areas.
Behaviour/Ecology: Forages on the ground for insects but also feeds on fruits.
Local Status: Rare migrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2019)
Location: Central Catchment Forest, Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Bidadari, Singapore Botanic Gardens and West Coast Park.
Past accepted records in our database: (not a complete listing)
BirdLife International. (2019). Geokichla citrina. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-3.RLTS.T22708375A152676506.en. Accessed on 19 December 2021
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.
Wells, D. R. (1999). The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula (Vol. 1). Academic Press, London.