Scientific Name: Geokichla citrina
Malay Name: Murai-Tanah Jingga Asia
Chinese Name: 橙头地鸫
Range: Found from Indian subcontinent, Southern China to Indochina, wintering to mainland Southeast Asia.
Taxonomy: Polytypic. Subspecies are: citrina, cyanota, innotata, melli, courtoisi, aurimacula, andamanensis, albogularis, aurata, rubecula.
Local Subspecies: innotata, citrina, aurimacula
Size: 20.5-23.5 cm
Identification: Subspecies innotata has distinctive orange head and underparts with bluish-grey upperparts. Subspecies gibsonhilli looks similar but has white median covert tips (wingbar) and blackish line across eyes and behind ear-coverts.
Habitat: Forest and wooded areas.
Behaviour/Ecology: Forages on the ground for insects but also feeds on fruits.
Local Status: Rare migrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2019)
Location: Central Catchment Forest, Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Bidadari, Singapore Botanic Gardens and West Coast Park.
Conservation Status: IUCN Red List Page
Sound Recordings: xeno-canto Link
Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link
eBird Species page: eBird (Orange-headed Thrush)
BirdLife International. (2019). Geokichla citrina. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-3.RLTS.T22708375A152676506.en. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.
Wells, D. R. (1999). The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula (Vol. 1). Academic Press, London.
Singapore Birds Project. (n.d.). Orange-headed Thrush. Retrieved on June 4, 2023 from https://singaporebirds.com/species/orange-headed-thrush.