Scientific Name: Geokichla citrina
Malay Name: Murai-Tanah Jingga Asia
Chinese Name: 橙头地鸫
Found from Indian subcontinent, Southern China to Indochina, wintering to mainland Southeast Asia.
Polytypic. Subspecies are: citrina, cyanota, innotata, melli, courtoisi, aurimacula, andamanensis, albogularis, aurata, rubecula.
Local Subspecies: innotata
Size: 20.5-23.5 cm
Subspecies innotata has distinctive orange head and underparts with bluish-grey upperparts. Subspecies gibsonhilli looks similar but has white median covert tips (wingbar) and blackish line across eyes and behind ear-coverts.
Habitat: Forest and wooded areas.
Behaviour/Ecology: Forages on the ground for insects but also feeds on fruits.
Local Status: Rare migrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2019)
Location: Central Catchment Forest, Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Bidadari, Singapore Botanic Gardens and West Coast Park.
BirdLife International. (2019). Geokichla citrina. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.
Wells, D. (1999). Birds of Thai-Malay Peninsula. Academic Press.