Orange-headed Thrush

Scientific Name: Geokichla citrina
Malay Name: Murai-Tanah Jingga Asia
Chinese Name: 橙头地鸫

Found from Indian subcontinent, Southern China to Indochina, wintering to mainland Southeast Asia.

Polytypic. Subspecies are: citrina, cyanota, innotata, melli, courtoisi, aurimacula, andamanensis, albogularis, aurata, rubecula.

Local Subspecies: innotata

Size: 20.5-23.5 cm

Subspecies innotata has distinctive orange head and underparts with bluish-grey upperparts. Subspecies gibsonhilli looks similar but has white median covert tips (wingbar) and blackish line across eyes and behind ear-coverts.

Habitat: Forest and wooded areas.

Behaviour/Ecology: Forages on the ground for insects but also feeds on fruits.

Local Status: Rare migrant

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2019)

Location: Central Catchment Forest, Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Bidadari, Singapore Botanic Gardens and West Coast Park.


External Links:
Conservation Status: IUCN Red List Page
Photos: Oriental Bird Images
Sound Recordings: xeno-canto Link
Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link

BirdLife International. (2019). Geokichla citrina. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.
Wells, D. (1999). Birds of Thai-Malay Peninsula. Academic Press.