Orange-headed Thrush

Scientific Name: Geokichla citrina

Malay Name: Murai-Tanah Jingga Asia

Chinese Name: 橙头地鸫

Range: Found from Indian subcontinent, Southern China to Indochina, wintering to mainland Southeast Asia.

Taxonomy: Polytypic. Subspecies are: citrina, cyanota, innotata, melli, courtoisi, aurimacula, andamanensis, albogularis, aurata, rubecula.

Local Subspecies: innotata, citrina, aurimacula

Size: 20.5-23.5 cm

Identification: Subspecies innotata has distinctive orange head and underparts with bluish-grey upperparts. Subspecies gibsonhilli looks similar but has white median covert tips (wingbar) and blackish line across eyes and behind ear-coverts.

Habitat: Forest and wooded areas.

Behaviour/Ecology: Forages on the ground for insects but also feeds on fruits.

Local Status: Rare migrant

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2019)

Location: Central Catchment Forest, Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Bidadari, Singapore Botanic Gardens and West Coast Park.

Past records in our database:

Showing only accepted records. Note that records currently under review are also not displayed, and the list may not be a full list of records of this species in Singapore. For more details, check the database here.

Migrant bar chart (see more bar charts):

Orange-headed Thrush Geokichla citrina
Estimated average number of individuals by week based on eBird data, Jul 2013 to Jun 2023
Peak week Feb 26-Mar 04
Early date 03 Dec 2016
Late date 29 Mar 2014
One of the latest passerine migrants to arrive in Singapore, with only a handful of records before mid-Dec.


BirdLife International. (2019). Geokichla citrina. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019. Accessed on 1 January 2023

Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.

Wells, D. R. (1999). The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula (Vol. 1). Academic Press, London.

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