Scientific Name: Ninox japonica
Malay Name: Pungguk Betemak Utara
Chinese Name: 北鹰鸮
Breeding Range: (OR) Russian Far East to Korea, Japan; Taiwan
Polytypic. Subspecies are: florensis, japonica, totogo.
Size: 30-31 cm
Similar to Brown Boobook. Overall brown colouration with large, yellow eyes and small, white patch above bill. Field identification from Brown Boobook is tricky with this bird possessing more elongated, teardrop-shaped streaking compared to the rounder, more heart-shaped streaks of the local subspecies of the Brown Boobook. This bird also possesses proportionally longer wings than the resident species, however, this is hard to make out in the field.
Similar looking species: Brown Boobook
Habitat: While on migration will make use of any habitat with trees, including scrubland and other areas outside of the closed forests that characterise our central reserves.
Behaviour/Ecology: Long-distance migrant from eastern Asia. Vocalisations are highly distinct from local Brown Boobook, but calls rarely in its wintering grounds.
Local Status: Uncommon migrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)
- More ways to interact with Singapore’s rare bird data (Blog)
- Singapore Birds Database: A Digital Museum of Local Bird Information (Science)
- Ong Kiem Sian – A Passion for Birds (Blog)
- 5 owl calls to know before your next night walk (Birding Starter Pack)
Past accepted records in our database:
Migrant bar chart (see more bar charts):
BirdLife International. (2016). Ninox japonica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22725653A94898452.en. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.