Scientific Name: Ninox japonica
Malay Name: Pungguk Betemak Utara
Chinese Name: 北鹰鸮
Breeding Range: (OR) Russian Far East to Korea, Japan; Taiwan
Polytypic. Subspecies are: florensis, japonica, totogo.
Size: 30-31 cm
Similar to Brown Hawk-owl. Overall brown colouration with large, yellow eyes and small, white patch above bill. Field identification from Brown Hawk-owl is tricky with this bird possessing more elongated, teardrop-shaped streaking compared to the rounder, more heart-shaped streaks of the local subspecies of the Brown Hawk-owl. This bird also possesses proportionally longer wings than the resident species, however, this is hard to make out in the field.
Similar looking species: Brown Hawk-Owl
Habitat: While on migration will make use of any habitat with trees, including scrubland and other areas outside of the closed forests that characterise our central reserves.
Behaviour/Ecology: Long-distance migrant from eastern Asia. Vocalisations are highly distinct from local Brown Hawk-owl, but calls rarely in its wintering grounds.
Local Status: Uncommon migrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)
Past records, bar chart (see more bar charts):
BirdLife International. (2016). Ninox japonica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22725653A94898452.en. Accessed on 19 December 2021
Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.