Scientific Name: Ninox japonica
Malay Name: Pungguk Betemak Utara
Chinese Name: 北鹰鸮
Breeding Range: (OR) Russian Far East to Korea, Japan; Taiwan
Polytypic. Subspecies are: florensis, japonica, totogo.
Size: 30-31 cm
Similar to Brown Hawk-owl. Overall brown colouration with large, yellow eyes and small, white patch above bill. Field identification from Brown Hawk-owl is tricky with this bird possessing more elongated, teardrop-shaped streaking compared to the rounder, more heart-shaped streaks of the local subspecies of the Brown Hawk-owl. This bird also possesses proportionally longer wings than the resident species, however, this is hard to make out in the field.
Similar looking species: Brown Hawk-Owl
Habitat: While on migration will make use of any habitat with trees, including scrubland and other areas outside of the closed forests that characterise our central reserves.
Behaviour/Ecology: Long-distance migrant from eastern Asia. Vocalisations are highly distinct from local Brown Hawk-owl, but calls rarely in its wintering grounds.
Local Status: Uncommon migrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)
Location: Records from Tuas South, Pasir Ris Park, and Satay By The Bay but could conceivably occur in any place with trees.
BirdLife International. (2016). Ninox japonica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
BirdLife International. 2016. Ninox japonica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. Downloaded on 24 October 2021.
Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.