Javan Munia

Scientific Name: Lonchura leucogastroides
Malay Name: Ciak-Padi Jawa
Chinese Name: 黑喉文鸟

Found from Java, Bali to Lombok and likely feral in Sumatra. Introduced into Singapore by escape or deliberate release of captives and feral since the 1920s.


Size: 11.5 cm

IdentificationAdult has black face, throat and upper breast, dark brown upperparts and strongly contrasting white underparts. Juvenile has brownish face, throat and upper breast and pale buffish belly. Resembles White-rumped Munia but lacks the whitish rump.

Similar looking species: White-rumped Munia

Habitat: Various habitats including grasslands, marshes, mangroves, forest, secondary growth, gardens and parks.

Behaviour/Ecology: Usually forage for seeds in grasslands but has also been observed searching tree foliage apparently not for seeds.

Local Status: Uncommon introduced resident

Conservation Status: Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)

Location: Kranji Marsh, Lorong Halus, Sungei Buloh, Satay by the Bay, Jurong Eco Garden, Murai, Central Catchment Forest (Dillenia Hut) and East Coast Parkway,


External Links:
Conservation Status: IUCN Red List Page
Photos: Oriental Bird Images
Sound Recordings: xeno-canto Link
Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link

Craig Robson (2011) A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia
David Wells (2007) The Birds of Thai-Malay Peninsula, Volume 2