Scientific Name: Lonchura leucogastroides
Malay Name: Ciak-Padi Jawa
Chinese Name: 黑喉文鸟
Range: Found from Java, Bali to Lombok and likely feral in Sumatra. Introduced into Singapore by escape or deliberate release of captives and feral since the 1920s.
Size: 11.5 cm
Identification: Adult has black face, throat and upper breast, dark brown upperparts and strongly contrasting white underparts. Juvenile has brownish face, throat and upper breast and pale buffish belly. Resembles White-rumped Munia but lacks the whitish rump.
Similar looking species: White-rumped Munia
Habitat: Various habitats including grasslands, marshes, mangroves, forest, secondary growth, gardens and parks.
Behaviour/Ecology: Usually forage for seeds in grasslands but has also been observed searching tree foliage apparently not for seeds.
Local Status: Uncommon introduced resident
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)
Location: Kranji Marsh, Lorong Halus, Sungei Buloh, Satay by the Bay, Jurong Eco Garden, Murai, Central Catchment Forest (Dillenia Hut) and East Coast Parkway,
BirdLife International. (2016). Lonchura leucogastroides. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22719809A94645559.en. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.
Wells, D. R. (1999). The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula (Vol. 1). Academic Press, London.
Bird Society of Singapore. (n.d.). Javan Munia. Retrieved on September 21, 2023 from https://singaporebirds.com/species/javan-munia.