Scientific Name: Falco subbuteo
Malay Name: Rajawali Tongkeng Merah Utara
Chinese Name: 燕隼
Found from Europe, temperate Asia, northern Indian subcontinent, China, northern Korea to northern Japan and winters south to Africa, Indian subcontinent, southern China, Indochina, the Thai-Malay Peninsula and Java.
Polytypic. Subspecies are: subbuteo, streichi.
Local Subspecies: subbuteo
Size: 30-36 cm
Adult resembles juvenile Peregrine Falcon but is significantly smaller and has darker crown, narrower moustachial stripe, unbarred uppertail, heavily streaked breast/belly and reddish-rufous vent. Juvenile resembles adult but has duller crown/upperparts and buffish vent.
Habitat: Open country, reclaimed land and wooded areas.
Local Status: Very rare migrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)
Location: One record sighted and photographed at Henderson Waves on 23 Oct 2020. Older record of an immature sighted at the reclaimed land at Changi Coast on 27 Nov 2003.
BirdLife International. (2016). Falco subbuteo. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.
Lim, K. S., Chia, A., Yong, D. L., & Chew, J. (2009). The Avifauna of Singapore. Nature Society (Singapore).
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.