Eurasian Hobby

Scientific Name: Falco subbuteo
Malay Name: Rajawali Tongkeng Merah Utara
Chinese Name: 燕隼

Range:
Found from Europe, temperate Asia, northern Indian subcontinent, China, northern Korea to northern Japan and winters south to Africa, Indian subcontinent, southern China, Indochina, the Thai-Malay Peninsula and Java.

Taxonomy:
Polytypic. Subspecies are: subbuteo, streichi.

Local Subspecies: subbuteo

Size: 30-36 cm

Identification:
Adult resembles juvenile Peregrine Falcon but is significantly smaller and has darker crown, narrower moustachial stripe, unbarred uppertail, heavily streaked breast/belly and reddish-rufous vent. Juvenile resembles adult but has duller crown/upperparts and buffish vent.

Similar looking species: Amur Falcon, Oriental Hobby, Peregrine Falcon

Habitat: Open country, reclaimed land and wooded areas.

Behaviour/Ecology:

Local Status: Very rare migrant

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)

Location: One record sighted and photographed at Henderson Waves on 23 Oct 2020. Older record of an immature sighted at the reclaimed land at Changi Coast on 27 Nov 2003.

Photos:

External Links:
Conservation Status: IUCN Red List Page
Photos: Oriental Bird Images
Sound Recordings: xeno-canto Link
Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link

References:
BirdLife International. (2016). Falco subbuteo. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.
Lim, K. S., Chia, A., Yong, D. L., & Chew, J. (2009). The Avifauna of Singapore. Nature Society (Singapore).
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.