Scientific Name: Falco subbuteo
Malay Name: Rajawali Tongkeng Merah Utara
Chinese Name: 燕隼
Found from Europe, temperate Asia, northern Indian subcontinent, China, northern Korea to northern Japan and winters south to Africa, Indian subcontinent, southern China, Indochina, the Thai-Malay Peninsula and Java.
Polytypic. Subspecies are: subbuteo, streichi
Local Subspecies: subbuteo
Size: 30-36 cm
Identification: Adult resembles juvenile Peregrine Falcon but is significantly smaller and has darker crown, narrower moustachial stripe, unbarred uppertail, heavily streaked breast/belly and reddish-rufous vent. Juvenile resembles adult but has duller crown/upperparts and buffish vent.
Habitat: Open country, reclaimed land and wooded areas.
Local Status: Very rare migrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Location: Only one record of an immature sighted at the reclaimed land at Changi Coast on 27 Nov 2003.
Craig Robson (2011) A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia
Allen Jeyarajasingam & Alan Pearson (2012) A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore
Lim Kim Seng (2009) The Avifauna of Singapore