Eurasian Hobby

Scientific Name: Falco subbuteo
Malay Name: Rajawali Tongkeng Merah Utara
Chinese Name: 燕隼

Found from Europe, temperate Asia, northern Indian subcontinent, China, northern Korea to northern Japan and winters south to Africa, Indian subcontinent, southern China, Indochina, the Thai-Malay Peninsula and Java.

Polytypic. Subspecies are: subbuteo, streichi

Local Subspecies: subbuteo

Size: 30-36 cm

Identification: Adult resembles juvenile Peregrine Falcon but is significantly smaller and has darker crown, narrower moustachial stripe, unbarred uppertail, heavily streaked breast/belly and reddish-rufous vent. Juvenile resembles adult but has duller crown/upperparts and buffish vent.

Similar looking species: Peregrine FalconAmur FalconOriental Hobby

Habitat: Open country, reclaimed land and wooded areas.


Local Status: Very rare migrant

Conservation Status: Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)

Location: Only one record of an immature sighted at the reclaimed land at Changi Coast on 27 Nov 2003.


External Links:
Conservation Status: IUCN Red List Page
Photos: Oriental Bird Images
Sound Recordings: xeno-canto Link
Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link

Craig Robson (2011) A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia
Allen Jeyarajasingam & Alan Pearson (2012) A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore
Lim Kim Seng (2009) The Avifauna of Singapore