Scientific Name: Muscicapa sibirica
Malay Name: Sambar-Kusam Paruh Kecil
Chinese Name: 乌鹟
Found from northern Indian subcontinent, Siberia, western and north-eastern China, Korea to Japan with northern population wintering in southern China and Southeast Asia
Polytypic. Subspecies are: sibirica, gulmergi, cacabata, rothschildi
Local Subspecies: sibirica or rothschildi
Size: 11.5-13 cm
Identification: Resembles Asian-brown Flycatcher but has darker upperparts, longer wings (tips reaching two thirds of the way down the tail), shorter and all black bill, smudgy greyish-brown breast/flanks and dark undertail-coverts centres. Juvenile has darker upperparts with distinct pale buff spots/streaks and scaled/blackish streaks on breast and flanks.
Habitat: Forest, parks, gardens, wooded areas and mangroves.
Behaviour/Ecology: Usually solitary, frequenting the canopy and middle storey. Typically sits upright on exposed perch, sallying after flying insects.
Local Status: Uncommon migrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Location: Central Catchment Forest, Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Dairy Farm Nature Park, Bidadari, Singapore Botanic Gardens and other suitable habitats.
Craig Robson (2011) A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia
Allen Jeyarajasingam & Alan Pearson (2012) A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore