Scientific Name: Gallinula chloropus
Malay Name: Tiung-Air Biasa
Chinese Name: 黑水鸡
A widespread species found globally except in Antarctica and Australasia.
Polytypic. Subspecies are: chloropus, meridionalis, pyrrhorrhoa, orientalis, guami.
Local Subspecies: orientalis
Size: 30-35 cm
Adult has overall dark plumage with contrasting white line along flanks and lateral undertail-coverts, yellow-tip red bill, distinctive red frontal shield and greenish-yellow legs/feet. Male is larger than female. Juvenile has duller overall plumage than adult and lacks any red on bill and frontal shield.
Habitat: Freshwater wetlands.
Behaviour/Ecology: Usually observed feeding while swimming.
Local Status: Uncommon resident
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2019)
Location: Recent sightings confined to Kranji Marsh, Lorong Halus and West Coast Marsh.
BirdLife International. (2019). Gallinula chloropus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.