Scientific Name: Gallinula chloropus
Malay Name: Tiung-Air Biasa
Chinese Name: 黑水鸡
A widespread species found globally except in Antarctica and Australasia.
Polytypic. Subspecies are: chloropus, meridionalis, pyrrhorrhoa, orientalis, guami
Local Subspecies: orientalis
Size: 30-35 cm
Identification: Adult has overall dark plumage with contrasting white line along flanks and lateral undertail-coverts, yellow-tip red bill, distinctive red frontal shield and greenish-yellow legs/feet. Male is larger than female. Juvenile has duller overall plumage than adult and lacks any red on bill and frontal shield.
Habitat: Freshwater wetlands.
Behaviour/Ecology: Usually observed feeding while swimming.
Local Status: Uncommon resident
Conservation Status: Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Location: Recent sightings confined to Kranji Marsh, Lorong Halus and West Coast Marsh.
Craig Robson (2011) A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia