Scientific Name: Oriolus chinensis
Malay Name: Kunyit Besar
Chinese Name: 黑枕黄鹂
Breeding Range: (OR) widespread
Polytypic. Subspecies are: diffusus, andamanensis, macrourus, maculatus, mundus, sipora, richmondi, lamprochryseus, insularis, melanisticus, sangirensis, formosus, celebensis, frontalis, stresemanni, boneratensis, broderipi, chinensis, yamamurae, suluensis.
Local Subspecies: diffusus, maculatus
Size: 24.5-27.5 cm
Golden-yellow medium-sized bird with a broad black band across eye and hindcrown. Iris reddish, bill pink. Most of wings black. Subspecies diffusus told apart from nominate race as tertials and inner secondaries yellow on outer edge rather than black.
Habitat: Widespread. Urban parks, scrub, degraded forests, forests, mangroves.
Behaviour/Ecology: Omnivorous, feeding on a wide range of food such as fruits and insects. Sometimes joins mixed flocks in fruiting trees.
Local Status: Common resident (maculatus) and rare migrant (diffusus)
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2018)
Location: Widespread, including Central Catchment Forest, Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Dairy Farm Nature Park and Kent Ridge Park.
BirdLife International. (2018). Oriolus chinensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018. Downloaded on 2 September 2021