Scientific Name: Pycnonotus brunneus
Malay Name: Merbah Mata Merah Biasa
Chinese Name: 红眼褐鹎
Range: Found from the Thai-Malay Peninsula to Sumatra and Borneo
Taxonomy: Polytypic. Subspecies are: brunneus, zapolius.
Local Subspecies: brunneus
Size: 19 cm
Identification: Adult has prominent red eyes, warm-brownish uppperparts and pale brownish underparts. Juvenile resembles adult but has pale brown eyes. Juvenile resembles adult but has brownish eyes.
Habitat: Forest, forest edge and secondary growth.
Local Status: Uncommon resident
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)
Location: Central Catchment Forest, Bukit Timah Nature Reserve and Bukit Batok Nature Park.
BirdLife International. (2016). Pycnonotus brunneus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22712743A94347115.en. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.
Bird Society of Singapore. (n.d.). Asian Red-eyed Bulbul. Retrieved on November 26, 2023 from https://singaporebirds.com/species/asian-red-eyed-bulbul.