Scientific Name: Ixobrychus sinensis
Malay Name: Gelam Kuning
Chinese Name: 黄苇鳽
Found from the Indian subcontinent to China, Siberia, Japan, Korea and Southeast Asia with the northern populations wintering south to Southeast Asia.
Size: 36-38 cm
Identification: Male has blackish crown and uppertail-coverts, pale brownish mantle, yellowish-buff underparts with light streaks down foreneck and upper breast and blackish flight feathers that contrast sharply with pale buff wing coverts. Female resembles male but has reddish brown crown. Juvenile resembles female but has bolder streaks on crown, upperparts and underparts.
Habitat: Grasslands and marshes near freshwater wetlands, well-vegetated ponds and mangroves.
Behavior/Ecology: Mostly found at the water’s edge. Often perches motionless, waiting for prey to come near.
Local Status: Common resident and common migrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Location: Singapore Botanic Gardens, Satay by the Bay, Kranji Marsh, Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve, Chinese/Japanese Gardens, Seletar, Sengkang Riverside Park, Punggol Barat, Lorong Halus, Pasir Ris Park and any suitable patch of habitat.
Craig Robson (2011) A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia
Allen Jeyarajasingam & Alan Pearson (2012) A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore