Scientific Name: Lonchura striata
Malay Name: Ciak-Padi Tuli
Chinese Name: 白腰文鸟
Found from Indian subcontinent, China, mainland Southeast Asia to Sumatra
Polytypic. Subspecies are: acuticauda, striata, fumigata, semistriata, subsquamicollis, swinhoei.
Local Subspecies: subsquamicollis
Size: 11-11.5 cm
Adult is similar to Javan Munia but has darkish brown plumage with fine pale shaft-lines at mantle and diagnostic whitish rump and belly. Juvenile resembles adult but dark parts paler/browner and rump/belly buffy-tinged.
Similar looking species: Javan Munia
Habitat: Grasslands, marshes, tall reeds/grasses (especially near water bodies).
Behaviour/Ecology: Gregarious and feeds mainly on seeds and also algae.
Local Status: Very rare resident
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)
Location: Kranji Marsh, Lorong Halus, Chinese Garden, Pulau Ubin, Tuas, Sungei Buloh, and Pulau Tekong.
BirdLife International. (2016). Lonchura striata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22719806A94645276.en. Accessed on 19 December 2021
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.
Wells, D. R. (1999). The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula (Vol. 1). Academic Press, London.