Velvet-fronted Nuthatch

This species is defined as a Review Species . Please submit your records of this species via our record submission page .

Scientific Name: Sitta frontalis

Malay Name: Pepatuk Biasa

Chinese Name: 绒额䴓

Range: From Peninsula India through mainland Asia to Sundaland and west Philippines.

Taxonomy: Polytypic. Subspecies are: frontalis, saturatior, velata, corallipes, palawana.

Size: 12-13.5 cm

Identification: Bright blue upperparts, pale underparts, with black forehead and bright red legs and bill quite unlike any other species in Singapore. Bill colour is paler in juveniles.

Habitat: Healthy Forest

Behaviour/Ecology: Often observed foraging along the barks and branches of trees alone or in pairs, frequently running upside down. Also observed in mixed flocks elsewhere in its range.

Local Status: Non-breeding visitor

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016

Past accepted records in our database:


BirdLife International. (2016). Sitta frontalis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. Accessed on 1 January 2023

Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.