Velvet-fronted Nuthatch

This species is defined as a Review Species . Please submit your records of this species via our record submission page .

Scientific Name: Sitta frontalis

Malay Name: Pepatuk Biasa

Chinese Name: 绒额䴓

Range: From Peninsula India through mainland Asia to Sundaland and west Philippines.

Taxonomy: Polytypic. Subspecies are: frontalis, saturatior, velata, corallipes, palawana.

Size: 12-13.5 cm

Identification: Bright blue upperparts, pale underparts, with black forehead and bright red legs and bill quite unlike any other species in Singapore. Bill colour is paler in juveniles.

Habitat: Healthy Forest

Behaviour/Ecology: Often observed foraging along the barks and branches of trees alone or in pairs, frequently running upside down. Also observed in mixed flocks elsewhere in its range.

Local Status: Very rare visitor

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)

Past records in our database:

Showing only accepted records. Note that records currently under review are also not displayed, and the list may not be a full list of records of this species in Singapore. For more details, check the database here.


BirdLife International. (2016). Sitta frontalis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. Accessed on 1 January 2023

Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.

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