Scientific Name: Zosterops simplex
Malay Name: Kelicap Kacamata Biasa
Chinese Name: 暗绿绣眼鸟
Range: Breeding Range: Eastern China, Taiwan and northern Vietnam to Thai-Malay Peninsula to Sumatra and Borneo
Taxonomy: Polytypic. Subspecies are: simplex, hainanus, erwini, williamsoni, salvadorii.
Local Subspecies: erwini (native), simplex (introduced)
Size: 10.5-11 cm
Identification: Olive-green upperparts with white eye-ring. Throat, upperbreast and forehead yellow. Lower breast and belly pale grey with yellow undertail coverts. Yellow ventral stripe that extend to the belly for native subspecies erwini that is lacking in introduced simplex.
Habitat: Occurs in secondary forests, forest edge, old plantation, scrub, mangroves, parks and gardens.
Behaviour/Ecology: Highly gregarious. Usually seen in small flocks gathered to feed at flowering trees.
Local Status: Populations on Singapore island a mix of introduced simplex and introduced (?) erwini.
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2019
Location: Suitable habitat across Singapore.
- Bird List Revision for March 2019 (Revisions)
Conservation Status: IUCN Red List Page
Sound Recordings: xeno-canto Link
Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link
eBird Species page: eBird (Swinhoe's White-eye)
BirdLife International. (2019). Zosterops simplex. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-3.RLTS.T155158152A155179279.en. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Lim, B. T., Sadanandan, K. R., Dingle, C., Leung, Y. Y., Prawiradilaga, D. M., Irham, M., Ashari, H., Lee, J. G., & Rheindt, F. E. (2018). Molecular evidence suggests radical revision of species limits in the Great speciator white-eye genus zosterops. Journal of Ornithology, 160(1), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10336-018-1583-7
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.
Wells, D. R. (2007). The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula (Vol. 2). Christopher Helm, London.
Singapore Birds Project. (n.d.). Swinhoe's White-eye. Retrieved on March 23, 2023 from https://singaporebirds.com/species/swinhoes-white-eye.