Swinhoe’s White-eye

Scientific Name: Zosterops simplex
Malay Name: Kelicap Kacamata Biasa
Chinese Name: 暗绿绣眼鸟

Range:
Breeding Range: Eastern China, Taiwan and northern Vietnam to Thai-Malay Peninsula to Sumatra and Borneo

Taxonomy:
Polytypic. Subspecies are: simplex, hainanus, erwini, williamsoni, salvadorii.

Local Subspecies: erwini (native), simplex (introduced)

Size: 10.5-11 cm

Identification:
Olive-green upperparts with white eye-ring. Throat, upperbreast and forehead yellow. Lower breast and belly pale grey with yellow undertail coverts. Yellow ventral stripe that extend to the belly for native subspecies erwini that is lacking in introduced simplex.

Habitat: Occurs in secondary forests, forest edge, old plantation, scrub, mangroves, parks and gardens.

Behaviour/Ecology: Highly gregarious. Usually seen in small flocks gathered to feed at flowering trees.

Local Status: Populations on Singapore island a mix of introduced simplex and introduced (?) erwini.

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2019)

Location: Suitable habitat across Singapore.

Photos:

External Links:
Conservation Status: IUCN Red List Page
Photos: Oriental Bird Images
Sound Recordings: xeno-canto Link
Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link

References:
BirdLife International. (2019). Zosterops simplex. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
Lim, B. T., Sadanandan, K. R., Dingle, C., Leung, Y. Y., Prawiradilaga, D. M., Irham, M., Ashari, H., Lee, J. G., & Rheindt, F. E. (2018). Molecular evidence suggests radical revision of species limits in the Great speciator white-eye genus zosterops. Journal of Ornithology, 160(1), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10336-018-1583-7
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.
Wells D. R. (2007). The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula, Volume Two