Scientific Name: Pelargopsis capensis
Malay Name: Pekaka-Emas Biasa
Chinese Name: 鹳嘴翡翠
Found from the Indian subcontinent, southwest China to Southeast Asia
Polytypic. Subspecies are: capensis, osmastoni, intermedia, burmanica, malaccensis, cyanopteryx, simalurensis, sodalis, innominata, javana, floresiana, gouldi, gigantea
Local Subspecies: malaccensis
Size: 37.5-41 cm
Identification: Adult has huge red bill, dull brownish crown and headsides, greenish-blue mantle, wings and tail and mostly warm buff-orange nuchal collar and underparts.
Habitat: Waterbodies in or near forests, parks, gardens, open woodlands and mangroves.
Behavior/Ecology: Catches medium size fishes by plunging into the water from perches around 2-4 meters above the water.
Local Status: Uncommon resident
Conservation Status: Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Location: Central Catchment Forest, Kranji Marsh, Singapore Botanic Gardens, Japanese Garden, Jurong Eco Garden, Hindhede Quarry, Pulau Ubin, Sungei Buloh any patch of suitable habitat.
Craig Robson (2011) A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia