Scientific Name: Pelargopsis capensis
Malay Name: Pekaka-Emas Biasa
Chinese Name: 鹳嘴翡翠
Found from the Indian subcontinent, southwest China to Southeast Asia
Polytypic. Subspecies are: capensis, osmastoni, intermedia, burmanica, malaccensis, cyanopteryx, simalurensis, sodalis, innominata, javana, floresiana, gouldi, gigantea.
Local Subspecies: malaccensis
Size: 37.5-41 cm
Adult has huge red bill, dull brownish crown and headsides, greenish-blue mantle, wings and tail and mostly warm buff-orange nuchal collar and underparts.
Habitat: Waterbodies in or near forests, parks, gardens, open woodlands and mangroves.
Behaviour/Ecology: Catches medium size fishes by plunging into the water from perches around 2-4 meters above the water.
Local Status: Uncommon resident
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)
Location: Central Catchment Forest, Kranji Marsh, Singapore Botanic Gardens, Japanese Garden, Jurong Eco Garden, Hindhede Quarry, Pulau Ubin, Sungei Buloh any patch of suitable habitat.
BirdLife International. (2016). Pelargopsis capensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.