Steppe Eagle

This species is defined as a Review Species . Please submit your records of this species via our record submission page .

Scientific Name: Aquila nipalensis

Malay Name: Helang Gurun

Chinese Name: 草原雕

Range: Found from southeast Europe to central Asia, Indian subcontinent, northwest China, Mongolia and central Siberia with the northern populations wintering to Africa, Middle East, Indian subcontinent, southern China and mainland Southeast Asia

Taxonomy: Polytypic. Subspecies are: orientalis, nipalensis.

Local Subspecies: nipalensis

Size: 76-80 cm

Identification: Adult resembles Eastern Imperial Eagle but slightly duller, lacks the prominent white markings on upper scapulars and has a small rufous-buff neck patch, paler throat and dark undertail-coverts. Juvenile also resembles juvenile Eastern Imperial Eagle but lacks the dark streaks on nape, neck, breast and wing coverts. Underwing flight pattern of juvenile also shows broad whitish wingbar between coverts and flight feathers.

Similar looking species: Greater Spotted Eagle, Eastern Imperial Eagle

Habitat: Reclaimed land and open country.

Behaviour/Ecology: Takes carrion.

Local Status: Vagrant

Conservation Status: Endangered (BirdLife International 2021)

Past records in our database:

Showing only accepted records. Note that records currently under review are also not displayed, and the list may not be a full list of records of this species in Singapore. For more details, check the database here.

Migrant bar chart (see more bar charts):

Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis
Average number of individuals by week based on Singapore Bird Database data, Jul 2013 to Jun 2023 (all records)
Early date 01 Nov 1992
Late date 28 Feb 1999
Bar chart not displayed for this species; no records in the given time period.
No records since Feb 1999, when one bird was seen at Lorong Halus.


BirdLife International. (2021). Aquila nipalensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021. Accessed on 1 January 2023

Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.

Lim, K. S. (2009). The Avifauna of Singapore. Nature Society (Singapore).

Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.

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