Scientific Name: Calidris pygmaea
Malay Name: Kedidi Paruh Sudu
Chinese Name: 勺嘴鹬
Range: Breeding in north-eastern Siberia. Winters in South and South-east Asia.
Size: 14-16 cm
Identification: A small wader that resembles the Red-necked Stint and Little Stint. Diagnotic feature is its spatulate bill. In breeding plumage the bird is reddish-brown around the head, breast and back. The breast has varying amounts of dark streaks extending towards the belly, which is white. Non-breeding adults lack the reddish colouration, but have pale brownish-grey upperparts with with a lightly streaked cap and back of the neck. The underparts, throat and forehead are white. The legs are black.
Habitat: Mudflats, sandflats, sometimes sandy beaches, salt pans and prawn ponds.
Behaviour/Ecology: Feeds in shallow waters and on soft wet mud. Feeding style consists of sweeping bill from side-to-side as the bird walks forward with its head down.
Local Status: Vagrant
Conservation Status: Critically Endangered (BirdLife International 2021)
Migrant bar chart (see more bar charts):
Spoon-billed Sandpiper Calidris pygmaea Average number of individuals by week based on Singapore Bird Database data, Jul 2013 to Jun 2023 (all records)
BirdLife International. (2021). Calidris pygmaea. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2021-3.RLTS.T22693452A154738156.en. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.
Bird Society of Singapore. (n.d.). Spoon-billed Sandpiper. Retrieved on December 1, 2023 from https://singaporebirds.com/species/spoon-billed-sandpiper.