Sooty-headed Bulbul

Scientific Name: Pycnonotus aurigaster

Malay Name: Merbah Ubun Hitam Selatan

Chinese Name: 白喉红臀鹎

Range: Found from southern China to mainland Southeast Asia and discontinuously to Java and Bali. Widely introduced to Singapore and rest of Indonesia.

Taxonomy: Polytypic. Subspecies are: chrysorrhoides, resurrectus, dolichurus, latouchei, klossi, schauenseei, thais, germani, aurigaster.

Size: 19-21 cm

Identification: Adult has black head, chin and nape with short crest, brown upperparts with white rump, white underparts and orange-red vent. Juvenile resembles adult but has browner head and paler vent.

Habitat: Open wooded area.


Local Status: Common introduced resident

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)

Location: Lorong Halus, Punggol Barat, Pasir Ris Park and Tampines Eco Green.


BirdLife International. (2016). Pycnonotus aurigaster. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. Accessed on 1 January 2023

Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.

Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.

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