Scientific Name: Pericrocotus speciosus
Malay Name: Burung-Matahari Besar Biasa
Chinese Name: 赤红山椒鸟
Breeding Range: (OR) Himalayas to Indonesia, Philippines
Polytypic. Subspecies are: siebersi, exul, andamanensis, minythomelas, modiglianii, speciosus, fraterculus, fohkiensis, semiruber, flammifer, xanthogaster, insulanus, novus, leytensis, johnstoniae, gonzalesi, nigroluteus, marchesae.
Local Subspecies: xanthogaster
Size: 17-21.5 cm
Unmistakable bird. Male is scarlet with black cap and upper back. Upperwings black, greater coverts red-tipped, broad band of red on remiges, distinct patch of red on tertials. Female is similar to male but red replaced with bright yellow, black on upper back and hindcrown replaced with grey and forehead and supraloral line yellow.
Habitat: Generally only occurs in closed forest with a highly-developed canopy.
Behaviour/Ecology: Forages in small flocks, almost 'bouncing' from treetop to treetop. Highly distinctive vocalisations, colouration and behaviour make it hard to miss when it is present.
Local Status: Visitor. Former resident, now extirpated.
Location: Last known population in Bukit Timah Nature Reserve. Lone male sighted in Goldhill Avenue in 25 Feb 2021 likely a vagrant from Malaysia.
BirdLife International. 2018. Pericrocotus flammeus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (2018). Downloaded on 24 October 2021.
Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.