Rock Dove

Scientific Name: Columba livia
Malay Name: Merpati Biasa
Chinese Name: 原鸽
Alternative Name(s): Rock Pigeon, Common Pigeon

Found from North Africa to Palearctic, Middle East, Indian subcontinent and northern China with feral populations worldwide

Polytypic. Subspecies are: livia, gymnocycla, targia, dakhlae, schimperi, palaestinae, gaddi, neglecta, intermedia.

Size: 33 cm

Adult is typically grey with noticeable darker hood and breast, blackish tail-tip and paler wing-coverts with two broad blackish bars. May also be highly variable with patches of white and brown in plumage and some are entirely blackish.

Habitat: Urban and open areas.

Behaviour/Ecology: Forages on the ground.

Local Status: Common introduced resident

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2019)

Location: Housing estates, urban gardens, reclaimed lands and any suitable patch of habitat.

BirdLife International. (2019). Columba livia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019. Accessed on 19 December 2021
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.