Scientific Name: Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Malay Name: Burung-Teratai Ekor Panjang
Chinese Name: 水雉
Range: Found from Indian subcontinent, China, Indochina, Philippines to Borneo and winter to Thai-Malay Peninsula, Indonesia and Northern Australia
Size: 29-31.5 cm
Identification: Non-breeding adult has drab brown upperparts, white underparts, short tail, yellow-buff supercilium/neck-side, dark crown and black eyestripe that leads to breast-band. Breeding adult has mostly blackish-brown body, white head/foreneck, yellow-buff hindneck, long black tail and mostly white wings. Juvenile resembles non-breeding adult but has rufous-chestnut crown and weaker/brownish breast band.
Habitat: Well-vegetated freshwater marshes and less suitable habitats on passage like mangroves, ponds, lakes and reservoirs.
Behaviour/Ecology: It is the male that take care for the young.
Local Status: Rare migrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)
Migrant bar chart (see more bar charts):
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus Average number of individuals by week based on Singapore Bird Database data, Jul 2013 to Jun 2023 (all records)
BirdLife International. (2016). Hydrophasianus chirurgus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22693543A93411790.en. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.
Bird Society of Singapore. (n.d.). Pheasant-tailed Jacana. Retrieved on October 1, 2023 from https://singaporebirds.com/species/pheasant-tailed-jacana.