Pheasant-tailed Jacana

Scientific Name: Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Malay Name: Burung-Teratai Ekor Panjang
Chinese Name: 水雉

Found from Indian subcontinent, China, Indochina, Philippines to Borneo and winter to Thai-Malay Peninsula, Indonesia and Northern Australia


Size: 29-31.5 cm

Non-breeding adult has drab brown upperparts, white underparts, short tail, yellow-buff supercilium/neck-side, dark crown and black eyestripe that leads to breast-band. Breeding adult has mostly blackish-brown body, white head/foreneck, yellow-buff hindneck, long black tail and mostly white wings. Juvenile resembles non-breeding adult but has rufous-chestnut crown and weaker/brownish breast band.

Habitat: Well-vegetated freshwater marshes and less suitable habitats on passage like mangroves, ponds, lakes and reservoirs.

Behaviour/Ecology: It is the male that take care for the young.

Local Status: Rare migrant

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)

Location: Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve, Kranji Marsh, Lorong Halus, Singapore Botanic Gardens, Hindhede Quarry and Jurong Lake Park.


External Links:
Conservation Status: IUCN Red List Page
Photos: Oriental Bird Images
Sound Recordings: xeno-canto Link
Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link

BirdLife International. (2016). Hydrophasianus chirurgus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.