Scientific Name: Anthus rufulus
Malay Name: Apit-apit Biasa
Chinese Name: 田鹨
Range: Found from Indian subcontinent, southwest China to southeast Asia
Taxonomy: Polytypic. Subspecies are: rufulus, malayensis, lugubris, albidus, medius.
Local Subspecies: malayensis
Size: 15-16 cm
Identification: Adult has mainly greyish-brown streaked upperparts, pale buff underparts with streaks around upper-breast and long bill/tail/legs.
Habitat: Grassland and other open habitats.
Behaviour/Ecology: Typically has weaker, more fluttering flight pattern than Richard's and rarely hovers before landing.
Local Status: Common resident
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)
Location: Lorong Halus, Tuas, Changi, Marina East Drive, Punggol Barat and other suitable habitats.
BirdLife International. (2016). Anthus rufulus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22718477A94582538.en. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Alström, P. & Mild, K. (2004). Pipits and Wagtails of Europe, Asia and North America. Christopher Helm.
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.
Wells, D. R. (1999). The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula (Vol. 1). Academic Press, London.
Bird Society of Singapore. (n.d.). Paddyfield Pipit. Retrieved on December 9, 2023 from https://singaporebirds.com/species/paddyfield-pipit.