Scientific Name: Anthus rufulus
Malay Name: Apit-apit Biasa
Chinese Name: 田鹨
Found from Indian subcontinent, southwest China to southeast Asia
Polytypic. Subspecies are: rufulus, malayensis, lugubris, albidus, medius.
Local Subspecies: malayensis
Size: 15-16 cm
Adult has mainly greyish-brown streaked upperparts, pale buff underparts with streaks around upper-breast and long bill/tail/legs.
Habitat: Grassland and other open habitats.
Behaviour/Ecology: Typically has weaker, more fluttering flight pattern than Richard's and rarely hovers before landing.
Local Status: Common resident
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)
Location: Lorong Halus, Tuas, Changi, Marina East Drive, Punggol Barat and other suitable habitats.
BirdLife International. (2016). Anthus rufulus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
Alström, P., & Mild, K. (2004). Pipits and Wagtails of Europe, Asia and North America. Christopher Helm.
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.
Wells, D. (1999). Birds of Thai-Malay Peninsula. Academic Press.