Scientific Name: Ceyx erithaca
Alternative Name: Black-backed Kingfisher
Malay Name: Rajaudang-Api Belakang Hitam
Chinese Name: 三趾翠鸟
Found from India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, southern China to Southeast Asia with some northerly populations wintering south.
Polytypic. Subspecies are: erithaca, macrocarus, motleyi
Local Subspecies: erithaca
Size: 12.5-14 cm
Identification: Very distinctive looking with a combination of rufous-yellow underparts, lilac-tinged crown with blue patches at rear of ear-coverts, reddish bill, whitish throat, dark bluish upper back and scapulars, blackish wings and bright lilac rump/uppertail-coverts.
Habitat: Forest, gardens, parks, wooded areas and mangroves.
Behaviour/Ecology: Feeds on insect, lizard, fish, and amphibian. Often visits forest streams at dusk to bath.
Local Status: Uncommon migrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Location: Central Catchment Forest, Venus Drive, Lower Pierce Boardwalk, Bidadari, Sungei Buloh, Lorong Halus and Tuas South.
Craig Robson (2011) A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia