Scientific Name: Ceyx erithaca
Malay Name: Rajaudang-Api Biasa
Chinese Name: 三趾翠鸟
Alternative Name(s): Black-backed Kingfisher
Found from India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, southern China to Southeast Asia with some northerly populations wintering south.
Polytypic. Subspecies are: erithaca, macrocarus, motleyi.
Local Subspecies: erithaca
Size: 12.5-14 cm
Very distinctive looking with a combination of rufous-yellow underparts, lilac-tinged crown with blue patches at rear of ear-coverts, reddish bill, whitish throat, dark bluish upper back and scapulars, blackish wings and bright lilac rump/uppertail-coverts.
Habitat: Forest, gardens, parks, wooded areas and mangroves.
Behaviour/Ecology: Feeds on insect, lizard, fish, and amphibian. Often visits forest streams at dusk to bath.
Local Status: Uncommon migrant (erithaca) and very rare non breeding visitor (rufidorsa)
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)
Location: Central Catchment Forest, Venus Drive, Lower Pierce Boardwalk, Bidadari, Sungei Buloh, Lorong Halus and Tuas South.
BirdLife International. (2016). Ceyx erithaca. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.