Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher

Scientific Name: Ceyx erithaca
Malay Name: Rajaudang-Api Biasa
Chinese Name: 三趾翠鸟
Alternative Name(s): Black-backed Kingfisher

Range:
Found from India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, southern China to Southeast Asia with some northerly populations wintering south.

Taxonomy:
Polytypic. Subspecies are: erithaca, macrocarus, motleyi.

Local Subspecies: erithaca

Size: 12.5-14 cm

Identification:
Very distinctive looking with a combination of rufous-yellow underparts, lilac-tinged crown with blue patches at rear of ear-coverts, reddish bill, whitish throat, dark bluish upper back and scapulars, blackish wings and bright lilac rump/uppertail-coverts.

Habitat: Forest, gardens, parks, wooded areas and mangroves.

Behaviour/Ecology: Feeds on insect, lizard, fish, and amphibian. Often visits forest streams at dusk to bath.

Local Status: Uncommon migrant (erithaca) and very rare non breeding visitor (rufidorsa)

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)

Location: Central Catchment Forest, Venus Drive, Lower Pierce Boardwalk, Bidadari, Sungei Buloh, Lorong Halus and Tuas South.

Photos:

External Links:
Conservation Status: IUCN Red List Page
Photos: Oriental Bird Images
Sound Recordings: xeno-canto Link
Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link

References:
BirdLife International. (2016). Ceyx erithaca. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.