Large Woodshrike

Scientific Name: Tephrodornis virgatus
Malay Name: Rembah-Rimba Besar
Chinese Name: 钩嘴林鵙

Range:
Found from the Indian subcontinent to southern China and Southeast Asia (excluding Philippines)

Taxonomy:
Polytypic. Subspecies are: pelvicus, jugans, verneyi, annectens, fretensis, virgatus, frenatus, mekongensis, hainanus, latouchei.

Local Subspecies: fretensis

Size: 18.5-22.5 cm

Identification:
Male has uniform slaty-grey upperparts with contrasting whitish underparts, strong bill, broad blackish eye line and whitish rump-band. Female resembles male but has browner upperparts and eye line. Juvenile is browner than female and has whitish shafts, tips and bars on upperparts.

Similar looking species: Brown Shrike

Habitat: Broadleaved forest, forest edge, secondary growth and mangroves.

Behaviour/Ecology: Frequents the canopy in small flocks.

Local Status: Very rare non-breeding visitor

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)

Location: Was considered to be extirpated from Singapore until a female was photographed at Jelutong Tower on 22 October 2018

Photos:

External Links:
Conservation Status: IUCN Red List Page
Photos: Oriental Bird Images
Sound Recordings: xeno-canto Link
Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link

References:
BirdLife International. (2016). Tephrodornis virgatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.
Lim, K. S., Chia, A., Yong, D. L., & Chew, J. (2009). The Avifauna of Singapore. Nature Society (Singapore).
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.