Scientific Name: Tephrodornis virgatus
Malay Name: Rembah-Rimba Besar
Chinese Name: 钩嘴林鵙
Found from the Indian subcontinent to southern China and Southeast Asia (excluding Philippines)
Polytypic. Subspecies are: pelvicus, jugans, verneyi, annectens, fretensis, virgatus, frenatus, mekongensis, hainanus, latouchei.
Local Subspecies: fretensis
Size: 18.5-22.5 cm
Male has uniform slaty-grey upperparts with contrasting whitish underparts, strong bill, broad blackish eye line and whitish rump-band. Female resembles male but has browner upperparts and eye line. Juvenile is browner than female and has whitish shafts, tips and bars on upperparts.
Similar looking species: Brown Shrike
Habitat: Broadleaved forest, forest edge, secondary growth and mangroves.
Behaviour/Ecology: Frequents the canopy in small flocks.
Local Status: Very rare non-breeding visitor
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)
Location: Was considered to be extirpated from Singapore until a female was photographed at Jelutong Tower on 22 October 2018
BirdLife International. (2016). Tephrodornis virgatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.
Lim, K. S., Chia, A., Yong, D. L., & Chew, J. (2009). The Avifauna of Singapore. Nature Society (Singapore).
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.