Scientific Name: Tephrodornis virgatus
Malay Name: Rembah-Rimba Besar
Chinese Name: 钩嘴林鵙
Range: Found from the Indian subcontinent to southern China and Southeast Asia (excluding Philippines)
Taxonomy: Polytypic. Subspecies are: pelvicus, jugans, verneyi, annectens, fretensis, virgatus, frenatus, mekongensis, hainanus, latouchei.
Local Subspecies: fretensis
Size: 18.5-22.5 cm
Identification: Male has uniform slaty-grey upperparts with contrasting whitish underparts, strong bill, broad blackish eye line and whitish rump-band. Female resembles male but has browner upperparts and eye line. Juvenile is browner than female and has whitish shafts, tips and bars on upperparts.
Similar looking species: Brown Shrike
Habitat: Broadleaved forest, forest edge, secondary growth and mangroves.
Behaviour/Ecology: Frequents the canopy in small flocks.
Local Status: Former resident and very rare visitor
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)
- Bird List Revision for November 2018 (Revisions)
- Local extinctions of Singapore birds (Science)
- Messages from the Cinereous and Streaked Bulbuls (Science)
- Singapore’s first wild White-crowned Hornbill (Science)
- Status of the Stripe-throated Bulbul in Singapore (Science)
- Checklist Revision for June 2023 (Revisions)
Featured reports: Apr 2022
BirdLife International. (2016). Tephrodornis virgatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T103703834A94145293.en. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.
Lim, K. S. (2009). The Avifauna of Singapore. Nature Society (Singapore).
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.
Bird Society of Singapore. (n.d.). Large Woodshrike. Retrieved on December 6, 2023 from https://singaporebirds.com/species/large-woodshrike.