Scientific Name: Charadrius alexandrinus
Malay Name: Rapang Pantai Biasa
Chinese Name: 环颈鸻
Breeding Range: (EU, AF, OR) widespread
Polytypic. Subspecies are: alexandrinus, dealbatus, nihonensis, seebohmi
Local Subspecies: alexandrinus, dealbatus
Size: 15-17.5 cm
Identification: Non-breeding adult of the nominate subspecies can be distinguished from other plover species by the white nuchal collar, well defined lateral breast-band and plain greyish-brown upperparts including head which has little white on forehead. Male in breeding plumage has distinctive white forehead, black patch on midcrown, strongly rufous-washed remainder of crown and nape, broad blackish eye-stripe and black lateral breast-band. Non-breeding adult of subspecies dealbatus (the subspecies that was originally described by Robert Swinhoe and also known as White-faced or Swinhoe’s Plover) resembles the nominate subspecies but has more white on forehead and narrower lateral breast-band. Breeding male is distinguished from the nominate subspecies by the lack of black eye-stripe while breeding female resembles non-breeding adult but crown, lores, ear-coverts strongly rufous- to orange-toned.
Habitat: Sandy beaches and suitable coastal habitats.
Behaviour/Ecology: Both subspecies have been observed wintering together in Singapore and form flocks with Lesser Sand Plovers, Malaysian Plovers and Little Ringed Plovers.
Local Status: Rare migrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Location: Tuas, Changi and the breakwaters near Marina Barrage.
Craig Robson (2011) A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia
Allen Jeyarajasingam & Alan Pearson (2012) A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore