Javan Pond Heron

Scientific Name: Ardeola speciosa

Malay Name: Pucung-Padi Emas

Chinese Name: 爪哇池鹭

Range: Found from Southern Indochina to Indonesia and winter to the Thai-Malay Peninsula.

Taxonomy: Polytypic. Subspecies are: continentalis, speciosa.

Size: 45 cm

Identification: Indistinguishable from other pond-heron species when in non-breeding and juvenile plumage. Adult in breeding plumage has distinctive pale brownish-buff to creamy-whitish head and neck with white head-plumes, deep cinnamon-rufous breast, white belly and blacklish-slate mantle and scapulars.

Similar looking species: Indian Pond Heron, Chinese Pond Heron

Habitat: Various wetlands like streams, marshes, ponds and open fields.

Behaviour/Ecology: Diet comprises fish, frogs, crustaceans and insects.

Local Status: Uncommon migrant

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)

Location: Pasir Ris Farmway 3 and Sungei Serangoon.

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Past records in our database:

Showing only accepted records. Note that records currently under review are also not displayed, and the list may not be a full list of records of this species in Singapore. For more details, check the database here.

Migrant bar chart (see more bar charts):

Javan Pond Heron Ardeola speciosa
Estimated average number of individuals by week based on eBird data, Jul 2013 to Jun 2023
Peak week Apr 02-Apr 08
Early date 27 Oct 1994
Late date 09 May 2019
Bar chart not displayed for this species; pond herons are only identifiable when they are in breeding plumage, so a bar chart would not offer a proper representation of this species's abundance at different times of the year.
This species can only be separated from Chinese and Indian Pond Herons when they are in breeding plumage, usually in April and May.


BirdLife International. (2016). Ardeola speciosa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. Accessed on 1 January 2023

Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.

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