Scientific Name: Mareca strepera
Malay Name: Itik-Bersiul Kelabu
Chinese Name: 赤膀鸭 (chì-bǎng yā)
Found throughout northern temperate Europe, Asia and North America, wintering to southern Europe, northern Africa, Middle East, Indian subcontinent, southern China, Korea, Japan, mainland Southeast Asia, Central America and southern North America.
Polytypic. Subspecies are: strepera, couesi (extinct)
Local Subspecies: strepera
Size: 46-56 cm
Identification: Male has greyish overall plumage with contrasting black vent and blackish bill. Female has mostly brown plumage with dark brown markings on back and flanks, greyish head and fine blackish bill with orange sides. Juvenile resembles female but richer brown below.
Habitat: Rivers, marshes and various freshwater wetland habitats.
Behaviour/Ecology: Keeps close to waterside vegetation when feeding.
Local Status: Very rare vagrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Location: Only one record of a female seen in a freshwater pond and canal at Punggol in January 1989.
Craig Robson (2011) A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia
Allen Jeyarajasingam & Alan Pearson (2012) A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore
Lim Kim Seng (2009) The Avifauna of Singapore