Gadwall

Scientific Name: Mareca strepera
Malay Name: Itik Bemban
Chinese Name: 赤膀鸭 (chì-bǎng yā)

Range:
Found throughout northern temperate Europe, Asia and North America, wintering to southern Europe, northern Africa, Middle East, Indian subcontinent, southern China, Korea, Japan, mainland Southeast Asia, Central America and southern North America.

Taxonomy:
Polytypic. Subspecies are: strepera, couesi (extinct)

Local Subspecies: strepera

Size: 46-56 cm

Identification: Male has greyish overall plumage with contrasting black vent and blackish bill. Female has mostly brown plumage with dark brown markings on back and flanks, greyish head and fine blackish bill with orange sides. Juvenile resembles female but richer brown below.

Habitat: Rivers, marshes and various freshwater wetland habitats.

Behaviour/Ecology: Keeps close to waterside vegetation when feeding.

Local Status: Very rare vagrant

Conservation Status: Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)

Location: Only one record of a female seen in a freshwater pond and canal at Punggol in January 1989.

Photos:

External Links:
Conservation Status: IUCN Red List Page
Photos: Oriental Bird Images
Sound Recordings: xeno-canto Link
Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link

Reference:
Craig Robson (2011) A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia
Allen Jeyarajasingam & Alan Pearson (2012) A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore
Lim Kim Seng (2009) The Avifauna of Singapore