Scientific Name: Muscicapa ferruginea
Malay Name: Sambar-Kusam Api
Chinese Name: 棕尾褐鹟
Found from northeast Indian subcontinent, central China to Taiwan and winters Southeast Asia
Size: 12.5-13 cm
Adult has distinctive slaty-grey head, rufescent rump, uppertail-coverts and tail, rusty-rufous fringes on coverts/tertials and rusty-buff breast and flanks. Juvenile resembles adult but has buff streaks on crown, short rusty streaks on upper-mantle and scapulars and darkish scales/mottlings on throat-sides and breast.
Habitat: Forest, parks, gardens and wooded areas.
Behaviour/Ecology: Frequents the middle and lower storeys usually near streams.
Local Status: Uncommon migrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)
Location: Central Catchment Forest, Venus Drive, Lower Pierce Boardwalk, Dairy Farm Nature Park, Bidadari and Singapore Botanic Gardens.
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Migrant bar chart (see more bar charts):
BirdLife International. (2016). Muscicapa ferruginea. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22709223A94197939.en. Accessed on 19 December 2021
Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.