Scientific Name: Muscicapa ferruginea
Malay Name: Sambar-Kusam Api
Chinese Name: 棕尾褐鹟
Found from northeast Indian subcontinent, central China to Taiwan and winters Southeast Asia
Size: 12.5-13 cm
Identification: Adult has distinctive slaty-grey head, rufescent rump, uppertail-coverts and tail, rusty-rufous fringes on coverts/tertials and rusty-buff breast and flanks. Juvenile resembles adult but has buff streaks on crown, short rusty streaks on upper-mantle and scapulars and darkish scales/mottlings on throat-sides and breast.
Habitat: Forest, parks, gardens and wooded areas.
Behaviour/Ecology: Frequents the middle and lower storeys usually near streams.
Local Status: Uncommon migrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Location: Central Catchment Forest, Venus Drive, Lower Pierce Boardwalk, Dairy Farm Nature Park, Bidadari and Singapore Botanic Gardens.
Craig Robson (2011) A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia
Allen Jeyarajasingam & Alan Pearson (2012) A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore