Scientific Name: Muscicapa ferruginea
Malay Name: Sambar-Kusam Api
Chinese Name: 棕尾褐鹟
Found from northeast Indian subcontinent, central China to Taiwan and winters Southeast Asia
Size: 12.5-13 cm
Adult has distinctive slaty-grey head, rufescent rump, uppertail-coverts and tail, rusty-rufous fringes on coverts/tertials and rusty-buff breast and flanks. Juvenile resembles adult but has buff streaks on crown, short rusty streaks on upper-mantle and scapulars and darkish scales/mottlings on throat-sides and breast.
Habitat: Forest, parks, gardens and wooded areas.
Behaviour/Ecology: Frequents the middle and lower storeys usually near streams.
Local Status: Uncommon migrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)
Location: Central Catchment Forest, Venus Drive, Lower Pierce Boardwalk, Dairy Farm Nature Park, Bidadari and Singapore Botanic Gardens.
BirdLife International. (2016). Muscicapa ferruginea. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.