Eurasian Curlew

This species is defined as a Review Species . Please submit your records of this species via our record submission page .

Scientific Name: Numenius arquata

Malay Name: Kendi Besar Biasa

Chinese Name: 白腰杓鹬

Range: Found from Siberia to Mongolia and northeast China with some populations winter south to Africa, Middle East, Indian subcontinent, southern China, Japan, Korea and Southeast Asia

Taxonomy: Polytypic. Subspecies are: arquata, orientalis, suschkini.

Local Subspecies: orientalis

Size: 50-60 cm

Identification: Adult resembles Whimbrel but is larger and has longer and gently down-curved bill and more uniform head with indistinct supercilium. Juvenile resembles adult but is smaller and has more buffish breast.

Similar looking species: Eurasian Whimbrel, Far Eastern Curlew

Habitat: Mudflats, sandflats and coastal wetlands.


Local Status: Very rare migrant

Conservation Status: Near Threatened (BirdLife International 2017)

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Migrant bar chart (see more bar charts):


BirdLife International. (2017). Numenius arquata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017. Accessed on 1 January 2023

Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.