Scientific Name: Bubulcus coromandus
Malay Name: Bangau Kerbau Timur
Chinese Name: 牛背鹭
Found from Pakistan, Indian subcontinent, southern China, Korea, Japan to Southeast Asia with northern populations wintering to Southeast Asia.
Size: 48-53 cm
Identification: Non-breeding adult resembles other white egret species but smaller, stockier with short and relatively thick neck, short yellowish bill and blackish legs and feet. Adult in breeding plumage has extensive rufous-buff on head/neck/breast/back, reddish bill with yellow tip, purplish lores and reddish legs. Juvenile resembles non-breeding adult.
Habitat: Grasslands, various wetland habitats and sometimes mudflats.
Ecology/Behaviour: Gregarious and often feeds near cattle.
Local Status: Common migrant and introduced resident
Conservation Status: Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Location: Sungei Buloh, Kranji Marsh, Lorong Halus, Lim Chu Kang and any patch of suitable habitat.
Craig Robson (2011) A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia
Allen Jeyarajasingam & Alan Pearson (2012) A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore