Scientific Name: Falco tinnunculus
Malay Name: Rajawali-Padang Biasa
Chinese Name: 红隼
Breed range extends from Europe, Africa, temperate Asia, Middle-East, northern Indian subcontinent, western and southern China, Korea to Japan with some northern populations wintering south to Africa, Indian subcontinent, southern China, Korea, Japan and Southeast Asia
Polytypic. Subspecies are: tinnunculus, perpallidus, interstinctus, objurgatus, canariensis, dacotiae, neglectus, alexandri, rupicolaeformis, archeri, rufescens
Size: 30-34 cm
Identification: Male has slaty-grey crown, nape, rump to uppertail, broad black subterminal tail-band, rufous rest of upperparts and wing-coverts with blackish markings, dark moustachial/cheek stripe and pale buffish underparts with dark streaks/spots on breast, belly and flanks. Female resembles male but has dark-streaked warm brown crown/nape and duller rufous upperparts with dark bars.
Similar looking species: Lesser Kestrel
Habitat: Open country, reclaimed land and grasslands.
Local Status: Rare migrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Location: Recent sightings were at Tuas South, Tanah Merah grassland, Punggol Barat and Bulim Avenue
Craig Robson (2011) A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia
Allen Jeyarajasingam & Alan Pearson (2012) A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore
Lim Kim Seng (2009) The Avifauna of Singapore