Common Iora

Scientific Name: Aegithina tiphia

Malay Name: Kunyit-Kecil Biasa

Chinese Name: 黑翅雀鹎

Range: Breeding Range: (OR) widespread

Taxonomy: Polytypic. Subspecies are: multicolor, deignani, humei, tiphia, septentrionalis, philipi, cambodiana, horizoptera, scapularis, viridis, aequanimis.

Local Subspecies: horizoptera

Size: 12-14.5 cm

Identification: Breeding plumage in male; black cap, wings and tail. Underparts lemon-yellow. Two striking white wing bars present. Upperparts generally black but flecked with some yellow. Female plumage lacks black cap and upperparts of breeding male and is instead yellowish green in these areas, underparts lemon-yellow, wings black with white edging to feathers. Non-breeding males are similar to females apart from more black on wings and retaining the black on uppertail coverts and tail. 

Habitat: Favour open wooded habitat. Seen in most parks, not seen in closed forest. 

Behaviour/Ecology: Prefers foraging for insects at higher levels of the canopy, often seen search on the undersides of leaves for prey

Local Status: Very common resident

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)


BirdLife International. (2016). Aegithina tiphia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. Accessed on 1 January 2023

Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.

Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.