Scientific Name: Gracula religiosa
Malay Name: Tiung-Emas Biasa
Chinese Name: 鹩哥
Range: Found from India, southern China, Indochina, Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Indonesia and western Philippines.
Taxonomy: Polytypic. Subspecies are: peninsularis, intermedia, andamanensis, religiosa, miotera, batuensis, palawanensis.
Local Subspecies: religiosa
Size: 27-31 cm
Identification: Large glossy myna with distinctive orange-yellow wattles on face, bill a deep vivid orange, legs yellow.
Habitat: Parkland, forest edges, tropical forests.
Behaviour/Ecology: Calls loud and variable, sometimes seen in groups, feeds largely on fruit but also takes other food, including other small invertebrates and vertebrates.
Local Status: Common resident
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2018)
Location: Singapore Botanic Gardens, Central Catchment Nature Reserve, Bukit Timah Nature Reserve.
BirdLife International. (2018). Gracula religiosa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T103878755A135865132.en. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Bird Society of Singapore. (n.d.). Common Hill Myna. Retrieved on November 26, 2023 from https://singaporebirds.com/species/common-hill-myna.