Common Hill Myna

Scientific Name: Gracula religiosa
Malay Name: Tiung-Emas Biasa
Chinese Name: 鹩哥

Range:
Found from India, southern China, Indochina, Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Indonesia and western Philippines.

Taxonomy:
Polytypic. Subspecies are: peninsularis, intermedia, andamanensis, religiosa, miotera, batuensis, palawanensis, venerata.

Local Subspecies: religiosa

Size: 27-31 cm

Identification:
Large glossy myna with distinctive orange-yellow wattles on face, bill a deep vivid orange, legs yellow.

Habitat: Parkland, forest edges, tropical forests.

Behaviour/Ecology: Calls loud and variable, sometimes seen in groups, feeds largely on fruit but also takes other food, including other small invertebrates and vertebrates.

Local Status: Uncommon resident

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2018)

Location: Singapore Botanic Gardens, Central Catchment Nature Reserve, Bukit Timah Nature Reserve.


References:
BirdLife International. (2018). Gracula religiosa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T103878755A135865132.en. Accessed on 19 December 2021