Common Hill Myna

Scientific Name: Gracula religiosa

Malay Name: Tiung-Emas Biasa

Chinese Name: 鹩哥

Range: Found from India, southern China, Indochina, Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Indonesia and western Philippines.

Taxonomy: Polytypic. Subspecies are: peninsularis, intermedia, andamanensis, religiosa, miotera, batuensis, palawanensis.

Local Subspecies: religiosa

Size: 27-31 cm

Identification: Large glossy myna with distinctive orange-yellow wattles on face, bill a deep vivid orange, legs yellow.

Habitat: Parkland, forest edges, tropical forests.

Behaviour/Ecology: Calls loud and variable, sometimes seen in groups, feeds largely on fruit but also takes other food, including other small invertebrates and vertebrates.

Local Status: Common resident

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2018)

Location: Singapore Botanic Gardens, Central Catchment Nature Reserve, Bukit Timah Nature Reserve.


BirdLife International. (2018). Gracula religiosa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018. Accessed on 1 January 2023

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