Scientific Name: Dinopium javanense
Malay Name: Belatuk-Pinang Biasa
Chinese Name: 金背三趾啄木鸟
Found from the Indian subcontinent to southern China and Southeast Asia
Polytypic. Subspecies are: malabaricum, intermedium, javanense, exsul, borneonense, raveni.
Local Subspecies: javanense
Size: 28-30 cm
Male has mostly golden upperparts, crimson rump, reddish crown with pointed crest, blackish hindneck, eye-stripe and submoustachial stripe and scaled underparts that are dense at the breast and gradually grow more disparate towards the vent. Female resembles male but has white-streaked blackish crown. Juvenile has blacker breast with less scaling on lower belly.
Habitat: Forest edge, secondary growth, gardens, parks, mangroves and wooded areas.
Local Status: Common resident
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2017)
Location: Any patch of suitable habitat like Singapore Botanic Gardens, Sungei Buloh, Bidadari, Lorong Halus, Pasir Ris Park, Pulau Ubin, etc.
- Our second guided walk with the Biodiversity Friends Forum! (Blog)
- Our first guided walk! (Blog)
- Local extinctions of Singapore birds (Science)
BirdLife International. (2017). Dinopium javanense. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T22727182A118587434.en. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.