Scientific Name: Dinopium javanense
Malay Name: Belatuk-Pinang Biasa
Chinese Name: 金背三趾啄木鸟
Range: Found from the Indian subcontinent to southern China and Southeast Asia
Taxonomy: Polytypic. Subspecies are: malabaricum, intermedium, javanense, exsul, borneonense, raveni.
Local Subspecies: javanense
Size: 28-30 cm
Identification: Male has mostly golden upperparts, crimson rump, reddish crown with pointed crest, blackish hindneck, eye-stripe and submoustachial stripe and scaled underparts that are dense at the breast and gradually grow more disparate towards the vent. Female resembles male but has white-streaked blackish crown. Juvenile has blacker breast with less scaling on lower belly.
Habitat: Forest edge, secondary growth, gardens, parks, mangroves and wooded areas.
Local Status: Very common resident
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2017)
Location: Any patch of suitable habitat like Singapore Botanic Gardens, Sungei Buloh, Bidadari, Lorong Halus, Pasir Ris Park, Pulau Ubin, etc.
BirdLife International. (2017). Dinopium javanense. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T22727182A118587434.en. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.
Bird Society of Singapore. (n.d.). Common Flameback. Retrieved on December 5, 2023 from https://singaporebirds.com/species/common-flameback.