Scientific Name: Todiramphus chloris
Malay Name: Pekaka Bakau Biasa
Chinese Name: 白领翡翠
Found from northeast Africa, Middle East, India, Southeast Asia to northern Australia
Polytypic. Subspecies are: abyssinicus, kalbaensis, vidali, davisoni, occipitalis, humii, armstrongi, laubmannianus, chloropterus, azelus, palmeri, collaris, chloris, teraokai.
Local Subspecies: humii
Size: 24-26 cm
Adult has rich blue upperparts, distinctive white collar and underparts and black bill with pale pinkish-white lower mandible. Juvenile resembles adult but has duller/greener-tinged upperparts and dark vermiculations on collar and breast.
Habitat: Waterbodies in or near forests edge, parks, gardens, open woodlands, grasslands and mangroves.
Behaviour/Ecology: Feeds on fish, lizards, insects, and small amphibians.
Local Status: Common resident
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2019)
Location: Singapore Botanic Gardens, Bidadari, Lorong Halus, Pasir Ris Park, Sungei Buloh, Pulau Ubin and any patch of suitable habitat.
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BirdLife International. (2019). Todiramphus chloris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22683399A155541475.en. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.