Scientific Name: Todiramphus chloris
Malay Name: Pekaka Bakau Biasa
Chinese Name: 白领翡翠
Found from northeast Africa, Middle East, India, Southeast Asia to northern Australia
Polytypic. Subspecies are: abyssinicus, kalbaensis, vidali, davisoni, occipitalis, humii, armstrongi, laubmannianus, chloropterus, azelus, palmeri, collaris, chloris, teraokai.
Local Subspecies: humii
Size: 24-26 cm
Adult has rich blue upperparts, distinctive white collar and underparts and black bill with pale pinkish-white lower mandible. Juvenile resembles adult but has duller/greener-tinged upperparts and dark vermiculations on collar and breast.
Habitat: Waterbodies in or near forests edge, parks, gardens, open woodlands, grasslands and mangroves.
Behaviour/Ecology: Feeds on fish, lizards, insects, and small amphibians.
Local Status: Common resident
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2019)
Location: Singapore Botanic Gardens, Bidadari, Lorong Halus, Pasir Ris Park, Sungei Buloh, Pulau Ubin and any patch of suitable habitat.
BirdLife International. (2019). Todiramphus chloris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.