Collared Kingfisher

Scientific Name: Todiramphus chloris

Malay Name: Pekaka Bakau Biasa

Chinese Name: 白领翡翠

Range: Found from northeast Africa, Middle East, India, Southeast Asia to northern Australia

Taxonomy: Polytypic. Subspecies are: abyssinicus, kalbaensis, vidali, davisoni, occipitalis, humii, armstrongi, laubmannianus, chloropterus, azelus, palmeri, collaris, chloris, teraokai.

Local Subspecies: humii

Size: 24-26 cm

Identification: Adult has rich blue upperparts, distinctive white collar and underparts and black bill with pale pinkish-white lower mandible. Juvenile resembles adult but has duller/greener-tinged upperparts and dark vermiculations on collar and breast.

Habitat: Waterbodies in or near forests edge, parks, gardens, open woodlands, grasslands and mangroves.

Behaviour/Ecology: Feeds on fish, lizards, insects, and small amphibians.

Local Status: Very common resident

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2019)

Location: Singapore Botanic Gardens, Bidadari, Lorong Halus, Pasir Ris Park, Sungei Buloh, Pulau Ubin and any patch of suitable habitat.


BirdLife International. (2019). Todiramphus chloris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019. Accessed on 1 January 2023

Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.

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