Scientific Name: Todiramphus chloris
Malay Name: Pekaka Bakau Timur
Chinese Name: 白领翡翠
Found from northeast Africa, Middle East, India, Southeast Asia to northern Australia
Polytypic. Subspecies are: abyssinicus, kalbaensis, vidali, davisoni, occipitalis, humii, armstrongi, laubmannianus, chloropterus, azelus, palmeri, collaris, chloris, teraokai
Local Subspecies: humii
Size: 24-26 cm
Identification: Adult has rich blue upperparts, distinctive white collar and underparts and black bill with pale pinkish-white lower mandible. Juvenile resembles adult but has duller/greener-tinged upperparts and dark vermiculations on collar and breast.
Habitat: Waterbodies in or near forests edge, parks, gardens, open woodlands, grasslands and mangroves.
Behaviour/Ecology: Feeds on fish, lizards, insects, and small amphibians.
Local Status: Common resident
Conservation Status: Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Location: Singapore Botanic Gardens, Bidadari, Lorong Halus, Pasir Ris Park, Sungei Buloh, Pulau Ubin and any patch of suitable habitat.
Craig Robson (2011) A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia