Christmas Frigatebird

This species is defined as a Review Species . Please submit your records of this species via our record submission page .

Scientific Name: Fregata andrewsi

Malay Name: Simbang Pulau Natal

Chinese Name: 白腹军舰鸟

Range: Breeds on Christmas Island with non-breeder wanders widely across the seas of Southeast Asia to Indochina and south to northern Australia

Taxonomy: Monotypic.

Size: 92-102 cm

Identification: Male has overall blackish plumage with contrasting white belly patch and red gular pouch. Female has black hood with white on the rest of underparts and black bar extending from base of forewing to side of breast. Juvenile resembles female but has rufous to brownish white head and black breast-band.

Similar looking species: Lesser Frigatebird

Habitat: Open seas, islets and occasionally stray inland.

Behaviour/Ecology: Typically seen soaring aimlessly in small groups, often following ships.

Local Status: Visitor

Conservation Status: Vulnerable (BirdLife International 2022)

Past records in our database:

Showing only accepted records. Note that records currently under review are also not displayed, and the list may not be a full list of records of this species in Singapore. For more details, check the database here.


BirdLife International. (2022). Fregata andrewsi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2022. Accessed on 1 January 2023

Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.

Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.

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