Christmas Frigatebird

This species is defined as a Review Species. Please submit your records of this species via our record submission page.

Scientific Name: Fregata andrewsi
Malay Name: Simbang Pulau Natal
Chinese Name: 白腹军舰鸟

Breeds on Christmas Island with non-breeder wanders widely across the seas of Southeast Asia to Indochina and south to northern Australia


Size: 92-102 cm

Male has overall blackish plumage with contrasting white belly patch and red gular pouch. Female has black hood with white on the rest of underparts and black bar extending from base of forewing to side of breast. Juvenile resembles female but has rufous to brownish white head and black breast-band.

Similar looking species: Lesser Frigatebird

Habitat: Open seas, islets and occasionally stray inland.

Behaviour/Ecology: Typically seen soaring aimlessly in small groups, often following ships.

Local Status: Rare non-breeding visitor.

Conservation Status: Critically Endangered (BirdLife International 2018)

Featured articles:

Past accepted records in our database:

Past records, bar chart (see more bar charts):

BirdLife International. (2018). Fregata andrewsi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018. Accessed on 19 December 2021
Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.