Scientific Name: Lonchura atricapilla
Malay Name: Ciak-Padi Rawa Biasa
Chinese Name: 栗腹文鸟
Alternative Name(s): Black-headed Munia
Found from India, Nepal, Bangladesh, South China, Taiwan to Southeast Asia
Polytypic. Subspecies are: rubronigra, atricapilla, deignani, sinensis, batakana, formosana, jagori.
Local Subspecies: sinensis
Size: 11-11.5 cm
Adult has black hood that contrasts strongly with deep chestnut body, bluish-grey bill and darker belly-center/vent. Difficult to distinguish juvenile from Scaly-breasted Munia and White-headed Munia.
Similar looking species: White-headed Munia
Behaviour/Ecology: Forages in large mixed flocks with Scaly-breated Munia and White-headed Munia.
Local Status: Uncommon resident
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)
Location: Kranji Marsh, Lorong Halus, Punggol Barat, Tampines Eco Green, Tuas, Satay by the Bay, Pulau Ubin and Pulau Tekong.
BirdLife International. (2016). Lonchura atricapilla. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.
Wells, D. (1999). Birds of Thai-Malay Peninsula. Academic Press.