Scientific Name: Lonchura atricapilla
Alternative Name: Black-headed Munia
Malay Name: Ciak-Padi Rawa Biasa
Chinese Name: 栗腹文鸟
Found from India, Nepal, Bangladesh, South China, Taiwan to Southeast Asia
Polytypic. Subspecies are: rubronigra, atricapilla, deignani, sinensis, batakana, formosana, jagori
Local Subspecies: sinensis
Size: 11-11.5 cm
Identification: Adult has black hood that contrasts strongly with deep chestnut body, bluish-grey bill and darker belly-center/vent. Difficult to distinguish juvenile from Scaly-breated Munia and White-headed Munia.
Behaviour/Ecology: Forages in large mixed flocks with Scaly-breated Munia and White-headed Munia.
Similar looking species: White-headed Munia
Local Status: Uncommon resident
Conservation Status: Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Location: Kranji Marsh, Lorong Halus, Punggol Barat, Tampines Eco Green, Tuas, Satay by the Bay, Pulau Ubin and Pulau Tekong.
Craig Robson (2011) A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia
David Wells (2007) The Birds of Thai-Malay Peninsula, Volume 2