Chestnut Munia

Scientific Name: Lonchura atricapilla
Malay Name: Ciak-Padi Rawa Biasa
Chinese Name: 栗腹文鸟
Alternative Name(s): Black-headed Munia

Range:
Found from India, Nepal, Bangladesh, South China, Taiwan to Southeast Asia

Taxonomy:
Polytypic. Subspecies are: rubronigra, atricapilla, deignani, sinensis, batakana, formosana, jagori.

Local Subspecies: sinensis

Size: 11-11.5 cm

Identification:
Adult has black hood that contrasts strongly with deep chestnut body, bluish-grey bill and darker belly-center/vent. Difficult to distinguish juvenile from Scaly-breasted Munia and White-headed Munia.

Similar looking species: White-headed Munia

Habitat: Grassland.

Behaviour/Ecology: Forages in large mixed flocks with Scaly-breated Munia and White-headed Munia.

Local Status: Uncommon resident

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)

Location: Kranji Marsh, Lorong Halus, Punggol Barat, Tampines Eco Green, Tuas, Satay by the Bay, Pulau Ubin and Pulau Tekong.

Photos:

External Links:
Conservation Status: IUCN Red List Page
Photos: Oriental Bird Images
Sound Recordings: xeno-canto Link
Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link

References:
BirdLife International. (2016). Lonchura atricapilla. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers.
Wells, D. (1999). Birds of Thai-Malay Peninsula. Academic Press.