Scientific Name: Terpsiphone atrocaudata
Malay Name: Murai-Gading Ungu
Chinese Name: 紫寿带
Alternative Name(s): Japanese Paradise Flycatcher
Range: Found from Japan, Korea, Taiwan to Northern Philippines, wintering to China, Hong Kong mainland South-east Asia, Sumatra and Philippines.
Taxonomy: Polytypic. Subspecies are: atrocaudata, illex, periophthalmica.
Local Subspecies: atrocaudata
Size: 18-20 cm
Identification: Male resembles Amur and Blyth's Paradise Flycatcher but head and breast all black, mantle glossy dark purple, belly whitish, and tail can extend up to 23 cm or more. Female very similar to Oriental Paradise Flycatcher but upperbreast more brownish tinted, belly more white, upperparts duller (never distinctly bright rufous-chestnut). The margin between the breast and belly resembles an inverted “U”.
Habitat: Any wooded habitat ranging from broadleaved evergreen forest to secondary growth, mangroves, parks and gardens.
Behaviour/Ecology: Feed on a variety of insects taken in sallies from a perch or snatched as they flush. Usually forage high up the canopy.
Local Status: Uncommon migrant
Conservation Status: Near Threatened (BirdLife International 2016)
Location: Suitable wooded areas like Central Catchment Forest, Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Bidadari, Japanese/Chinese Garden, Singapore Botanic Gardens, Bishan Park, Tuas South, Sungei Buloh and Pulau Hantu.
- Checklist Revision for August 2023 (Revisions)
Migrant bar chart (see more bar charts):
Black Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone atrocaudata Estimated average number of individuals by week based on eBird data, Jul 2013 to Jun 2023
BirdLife International. (2016). Terpsiphone atrocaudata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22707151A94108789.en. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.
Wells, D. R. (1999). The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula (Vol. 1). Academic Press, London.
Bird Society of Singapore. (n.d.). Black Paradise Flycatcher. Retrieved on October 3, 2023 from https://singaporebirds.com/species/black-paradise-flycatcher.