Scientific Name: Hypothymis azurea
Malay Name: Murai-Ranting Biasa
Chinese Name: 黑枕王鹟
Found from Indian subcontinent to Southern China and Southeast Asia.
Polytypic. Subspecies are: styani, oberholseri, ceylonensis, tytleri, idiochroa, nicobarica, montana, galerita, forrestia, prophata, javana, penidae, karimatensis, opisthocyanea, gigantoptera, consobrina, leucophila, richmondi, abbotti, symmixta, azurea, aeria, catarmanensis.
Local Subspecies: prophata
Size: 16-17.5 cm
Male has distinctive all blue upperparts and breast, white belly and black nuchal tuft and breast band. Female has a dull bluish head, greyish breast, brownish upperparts and whitish belly. Juvenile resembles female.
Habitat: Forest, forest edge and secondary growth near forest.
Behaviour/Ecology: Diet consist presumably of small insects which are usually snatched when flushed.
Local Status: Rare resident
Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)
- Local extinctions of Singapore birds (Science)
- Messages from the Cinereous and Streaked Bulbuls (Science)
Past records, bar chart (see more bar charts):
BirdLife International. (2016). Hypothymis azurea. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. Downloaded on 2 September 2021
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.
Wells, D. R. (1999). The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula (Vol. 1). Academic Press, London.