Scientific Name: Milvus migrans
Malay Name: Helang-Kembara Hitam
Chinese Name: 黑鸢
Found from Europe, Africa, Middle East, Indian subcontinent, Central Asia, Siberia, China, Japan, Korea, Indochina and discontinously to Sulawesi, Lesser Sundas, Papua New Guinea and northern Australia with the northern temperate populations wintering south to Africa, Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia
Polytypic. Subspecies are: migrans, lineatus, govinda, formosanus, affinis
Local Subspecies: lineatus
Size: 61-66 cm
Identification: Adult resembles juvenile Brahminy Kite but has darker overall plumage, distinctive forked tail that appears almost square-cut when broadly fanned in flight and conspicuous whitish patch on the base of primaries. Juvenile resembles adult but has prominent whitish streaks on breast and belly.
Habitat: Open country, reclaimed land, coastal habitat and forest.
Local Status: Rare migrant
Conservation Status: Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Location: Recent sightings were at Changi, Tuas South, Punggol Barat, Central Catchment Forest and Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve.
Craig Robson (2011) A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia
Allen Jeyarajasingam & Alan Pearson (2012) A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore