Black Baza

Scientific Name: Aviceda leuphotes

Malay Name: Helang-Gerigi Hitam

Chinese Name: 黑冠鹃隼

Range: Breeds along the lower slopes of the Himalayas through continental southeast Asia. Some populations migrate south to India, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra and west Java.

Taxonomy: Polytypic. Subspecies are: syama, leuphotes, andamanica.

Size: 31.5-33 cm

Identification: Distinct black and white hawk with chestnut on the wings (hard to see in flight). Pale Pied Harrier has black restricted to the head and wing tips.

Similar looking species: Pied Harrier

Habitat: Woodland.

Behaviour/Ecology: Often observed migrating in big numbers, forming tight, neatly arranged flocks when gliding. Typically arrives in Singapore later than the sparrowhawks and honey buzzards. Also frequently seen roosting in groups, especially (?) at wooded areas with high density of Acacia trees.

Local Status: Common migrant

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2021)

Location: Observed migrating across key raptor watch sites. Flocks often observed wintering around Kranji and Lorong Halus.

Migrant bar chart (see more bar charts):


BirdLife International. (2021). Aviceda leuphotes. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021. Accessed on 1 January 2023

Clark, W. S. & Kirwan, G. M. (2020). Black Baza (Aviceda leuphotes), version 1.0. In del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D. A., & de Juana, E. (Eds). Birds of the World. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.

Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.