Cinnamon Bittern

Scientific Name: Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Malay Name: Gelam Bendang
Chinese Name: 栗苇鳽

Found from Indian subcontinent to China and Southeast Asia with some northern population wintering south to Southeast Asia


Size: 38-41 cm

Male has distinctive uniform bright cinnamon-rufous wings and upperparts while female has slightly darker upperparts with vague buffish speckling on scapulars and upperwing-coverts. Juvenile resembles female but has buffish streaks on sides of head and dense buffish speckling on upperparts and upperwing-coverts.

Similar looking species: Von Schrenck's Bittern

Habitat: Grasslands and marshes near freshwater wetlands and occasionally mangroves.

Behaviour/Ecology: Often seen in flight. Sometimes perches motionless for long periods before feeding.

Local Status: Uncommon resident and uncommon migrant

Conservation Status: Least Concern (BirdLife International 2016)

Location: Bidadari, Punggol Barat, Seletar West, Choa Chu Kang Cemetery, Kranji Marsh, Tuas South, Japanese/Chinese Gardens, Lorong Halus, Pasir Ris Farmway 3, Pasir Ris Park, Sungei Buloh and Satay by the Bay.

Featured articles:

Migrant bar chart (see more bar charts):

BirdLife International. (2016). Ixobrychus cinnamomeus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. Accessed on 1 January 2023
Jeyarajasingam, A., & Pearson, A. (2012). A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press.
Robson, C. (2014). Field guide to the birds of South-East Asia (Second Edition). Bloomsbury Publishing, London.